patronage, political

patronage, political
The (generally improper) use of a political office to provide friends and relatives with government jobs or protection.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

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  • Patronage — is the support, encouragement, privilege and often financial aid given by a person or an organization. It can also refer to the right of bestowing offices or church benefices, the business given by a regular customer, and the guardianship of… …   Wikipedia

  • patronage — I (power to appoint jobs) noun advantage, assistance, auctoritas, authority, backing, choice, control, controlling power, directing agency, dominance, domination, favor, good offices, gratia, indulgentia, influence, influentiality, patrocinium,… …   Law dictionary

  • Patronage in ancient Rome — Patronage (clientela) was the distinctive relationship in ancient Roman society between the patronus (plural patroni, patron ) and his client (cliens, plural clientes). The relationship was hierarchical, but obligations were mutual. The patronus… …   Wikipedia

  • Patronage — Pa tron*age, n. [F. patronage. Cf. LL. patronaticum, and L. patronatus.] 1. Special countenance or support; favor, encouragement, or aid, afforded to a person or a work; as, the patronage of letters; patronage given to an author. [1913 Webster] 2 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • patronage — [pā′trə nij, pa′trən ij] n. [OFr: see PATRON & AGE] 1. a) the function or status of a patron b) support, encouragement, sponsorship, etc. given by a patron 2. goodwill, favor, courtesy, etc. shown to people considered inferior; condescension …   English World dictionary

  • Political corruption — World map of the 2010 Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International, which measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians . High numbers (blue) indicate less perception of… …   Wikipedia

  • Political machine — A political machine is an unofficial system of a political organization based on patronage, the spoils system, behind the scenes control, and longstanding political ties within the structure of a representative democracy. Machines sometimes have… …   Wikipedia

  • political machine — In U.S. politics, a political organization that controls enough votes to maintain political and administrative control of its community. The rapid growth of cities in the 19th century created huge problems for city governments, which were often… …   Universalium

  • patronage — n. political patronage * * * [ pætrənɪdʒ] political patronage …   Combinatory dictionary

  • Political party — A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain and maintain political power within government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. Parties often espouse an expressed ideology or vision bolstered by a written… …   Wikipedia

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