United Nations (UN)

United Nations (UN)
an international organisation founded by charter in 1945 after the Second World War. Leaving aside its enormous political influence, its charter obliges it, among other things, to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, which founding objects clearly establish law as an important aspect of its work. It comprises six main bodies: the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice, and Secretariat. So far as narrow legal analysis is concerned, the United Nations most resembles a legal state when it applies sanctions. The Security Council may require members of the United Nations to apply sanctions against any state found guilty of threatening the peace, creating a breach of the peace, engaging in an act of aggression, or failing to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment of the International Court of Justice. In this way there is the appearance of a full legal system operating under the rule of law. The only problem is that it is a practically restricted system with, for example, the permanent unelected members of the Security Council being able to veto any action they dislike.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • UNITED NATIONS (UN) — UNITED NATIONS (UN), a worldwide organization of states established in 1945, in the wake of World War II, with a view, primarily, to maintain international peace and security and also bring about cooperation among nations in the economic, social …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • United Nations — n. An international organization founded in 1945 to help nations cooperate in matters of human rights, economics, security, and international law. abbrv. UN The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy… …   Law dictionary

  • United Nations — 1942, the Allied nations at war with the Axis powers; the international body (officially the United Nations Organization) was chartered in 1945. Such negotiation as may occur in New York is not conducted within the walls of the tall building by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • United Nations — ☆ United Nations n. an international organization of nations pledged to promote world peace and security, maintain treaty obligations & the observance of international law, & cooperate in furthering social progress: the organization was formed in …   English World dictionary

  • United Nations — For other uses, see United Nations (disambiguation). UN redirects here. For other uses, see UN (disambiguation). United Nations الأمم المتحدة 联合国 Organisation des Nations unies …   Wikipedia

  • United Nations — 1. an international organization, with headquarters in New York City, formed to promote international peace, security, and cooperation under the terms of the charter signed by 51 founding countries in San Francisco in 1945. Abbr.: UN Cf. General… …   Universalium

  • United Nations — Dieser Artikel behandelt die Vereinten Nationen. Weitere Bedeutungen der hierfür gebräuchlichen Abkürzungen UNO, UN und VN sind unter UNO (Begriffsklärung) bzw. UN (Begriffsklärung) und VN (Begriffsklärung) zu finden. In diesem Artikel oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United Nations — Organisation des Nations unies Pour les articles homonymes, voir ONU (homonymie). Organisation des Nations unies …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United Nations —    The United Nations is an international organization that was established at the end of World War II to, according to UN Charter Article 1, maintain international peace and security. Since it is an international organization made up of… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • United Nations — (UN)    Israel was admitted to the UN as its 59th member on 11 May 1949. This event, in the words of Abba Eban (Israel s UN ambassador at the time), had a singularly important impact on the country s early development. As Eban put it, it created… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”