du·ty n pl du·ties [Anglo-French deuté indebtedness, obligation, from deu owing, due, from Old French see due]
1: tasks, service, or functions that arise from one's position
performing a police officer's duties; also: a period of being on duty see also jury duty
2: an obligation assumed (as by contract) or imposed by law to conduct oneself in conformance with a certain standard or to act in a particular way
a duty to warn of danger see also public duty doctrine, special duty doctrine
duty of can·dor /-'kan-dər/: a duty obligating directors of a corporation to disclose all material facts known to them about a transaction when they are seeking shareholder approval
duty of care: a duty to use due care toward others in order to protect them from unnecessary risk of harm
duty of fair representation: a duty obligating a labor union to represent the employees in its collective bargaining unit fairly and in good faith
duty of loy·al·ty: a duty obligating directors of a corporation to refrain from using their positions to further their own interests rather than the interests of the shareholders (as by self-dealing or fraud)
fiduciary duty: a duty obligating a fiduciary (as an agent or trustee) to act with loyalty and honesty and in a manner consistent with the best interests of the beneficiary of the fiduciary relationship (as a principal or trust beneficiary)
3: tax; esp: a tax on imports
off duty: not engaged in a duty
a police officer who is off duty
on duty: engaged in a duty

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I (obligation) noun accountability, allegiance, answerability, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, engagement, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, officium, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, conditional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty enjoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperative duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty foreign phrases:
- Qui jussu judids aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est — He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey
- Judicis officium est opus diet in die suo perficere. — It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day
- Judicis estfudicare secundum allegata et probata. — It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs
II (tax) noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on demand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports III index ad valorem, agency (legal relationship), assignment (task), burden, business (affair), business (occupation), charge (lien), commitment (responsibility), compulsion (coercion), employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition (tax), job, labor (work), levy, liability, loyalty, mission, office, position (business status), province, responsibility (accountability), right (righteousness), tariff (duties), tax, trade (occupation), trust (custody), weight (burden), work (employment)

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

(1) An obligation, often legally sanctioned; in negligence cases, a legally recognized requirement to observe a specific standard of conduct toward another person.
(2) A tax on imported and exported goods.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

1) A legal relationship, created by law or contract, in which a person or business owes something to another. The breach of this obligation can result in liability.
2) A tax on imported goods.
Category: Bankruptcy, Foreclosure & Debt
Category: Business, LLCs & Corporations
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

n. A legally-defined responsibility to perform certain acts or meet certain standards of performance; an essential element of proof in a tort action is that the defendant had a duty to act in a certain manner, such as the duty to use due care in the operation of a motor vehicle. Duties may be mandated by law, such as the duty to pay taxes, or may be voluntary, such as those assumed under a contract.
@ delegable duty
A duty that may be transferred to another.
n. A responsibility that can be delegated to another to perform.
See also duty.
@ nondelegable duty
A duty that one must perform personally, and that may not be delegated to another.
See also duty.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to customs duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to customs duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case.
   2) a tax on imports.
   See also: duty of care

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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  • Duty — • The definition of the term duty given by lexicographers is: something that is due , obligatory service ; something that one is bound to perform or to avoid Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Duty     Duty …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Duty — Du ty, n.; pl. {Duties}. [From {Due}.] 1. That which is due; payment. [Obs. as signifying a material thing.] [1913 Webster] When thou receivest money for thy labor or ware, thou receivest thy duty. Tyndale. [1913 Webster] 2. That which a person… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • DUTY — DUTY, an action that one is obligated to perform; a feeling, or sense, of obligation. In Judaism man s duties are determined by God s commandments. The entire biblical and rabbinic conception of man s role in the world is subsumed under the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • duty — [do͞ot′ē, dyo͞ot′ē] n. pl. duties [ME duete < Anglo Fr dueté, what is due (owing): see DUE & TY1] 1. the obedience or respect that one should show toward one s parents, older people, etc. 2. conduct based on moral or legal obligation, or a… …   English World dictionary

  • Duty — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Duty Álbum de estudio de Ayumi Hamasaki Publicación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Duty — Album par Ayumi Hamasaki Sortie 27 septembre 2000 Durée 51:45 Genre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • duty — [n1] responsibility, assignment burden, business, calling, charge, chore, commission, commitment, committal, contract, devoir, dues, engagement, function, hook*, job, load, millstone*, minding the store*, mission, must, need, obligation,… …   New thesaurus

  • duty — ► NOUN (pl. duties) 1) a moral or legal obligation. 2) a task required as part of one s job. 3) a payment levied on the import, export, manufacture, or sale of goods. 4) Brit. a payment levied on the transfer of property, for licences, and for… …   English terms dictionary

  • duty — late 13c., from Anglo Fr. duete, from O.Fr. deu due, owed; proper, just, from V.L. *debutus, from L. debitus, pp. of debere to owe (see DEBT (Cf. debt)). Related: Duties. The sense of tax or fee on imports, exports, etc. is from late 15c.; duty… …   Etymology dictionary

  • duty — 1 Obligation Analogous words: responsibility, accountability, amenability, answerability, liability (see corresponding adjectives at RESPONSIBLE) 2 office, *function, province Analogous words: concern, business, *affair 3 *task …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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