I noun abstruseness, ambiguitas, bafflement, bewilderment, confounded meaning, confused meaning, confusion, disconcertion, doubtful meaning, doubtfulness, dubiety, dubiousness, duplexity in meaning, equivocalness, equivocation, incertitude, indefinite meaning, indefiniteness, indeterminacy, obscure meaning, obscurity, puzzlement, reconditeness, uncertainty of meaning, uninteiligibility, vagueness associated concepts: ambiguity upon the factum, latent ambiguity, patent ambiguity foreign phrases:
- Cum in testamento ambigue aut etiam perperam scriptum est benigne interpretari et secundum id quod credibile est cogitatum credendum est. — Where an ambiguous, or even an erroneous, expression occurs in a will, it should be interpreted liberally, and in accordance with the intention of the testator
- Ambiguitas verborum latens verificatione suppletur; nam quod ex facto oritur ambiguum verificatione facti tollitur. — A latent verbal ambiguity may be removed by evidence; for whatever ambiguity arises from an extrinsic fact may be explained by extrinsic evidence
- Ambiguum placitum interpretari debet contra proferentem. — An ambiguous plea ought to be interpreted against the party entering it.
- Quae cubitationis tollendae causa contractibus inseruntur, jus commune non laedunt. — Those clauses which are inserted in agreements to avoid doubts and ambiguity do not offend the common law
- Quoties in verbis nulla est ambiguitas, ibi nulla expositio contra verba fienda est. — Whenever there is no ambiguity in the words, then no exposition contrary to the words should be made
- Quum in testamento ambigue aut etiam perperam scriptum est, benigne interpretari et secundum id quod credibile et cogitatum, credendum est. — When an ambiguous or even an erroneous expression occurs in a will, it should be construed liberally and in accordance with what is thought the probable meaning of the testator.
- Ubi jus incertum, ibi jus nullum. — Where the law is uncertain, there is no law.
- Verbis standum ubi nulla ambiguitas. — Where there is no ambiguity, one must abide by the words
II index doubt (indecision), incertitude

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

Uncertainty of meaning; doubt.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

uncertainty in meaning. In legal documents an ambiguity may be patent (i.e. apparent from a perusal of the document) or latent (i.e. one that becomes apparent in the light of facts that become known from sources outside the document). The general rule is that extrinsic evidence can be used to resolve latent ambiguity but not patent ambiguities.
Since the decision in Pepper v . Hart [1992] 3 WLR 1032, an ambiguity in a dispute over a statute will allow the court to hear not only the terms of Law Commission reports but also of the debates in Parliament as recorded in Hansard.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

When language in an agreement has more than one meaning. Patent ambiguity occurs when the language of the document itself is ambiguous. Latent ambiguity is not readily apparent, but arises in connection with external circumstances. When a contract is ambiguous, external evidence may be introduced to help determine the original intent of parties.
Category: Business, LLCs & Corporations
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

n. A confusion or uncertainty about the intention or meaning, especially of a provision in a contract or statute.
@ latent ambiguity
An ambiguity that is not obvious and is unlikely to be found while using reasonable care. For example, a third party contract that provides for a payment to be made to a charity, but two charities exist with the same name. Extrinsic evidence, if allowed, may be required to determine the correct interpretation of the ambiguity. However, if each party, in good faith interprets the ambiguity differently, the meeting of the minds necessary to create a valid contract is not present.
n. An ambiguity that is not apparent from the wording of a document but is caused by external circumstances.
@ patent ambiguity
An ambiguity that is obvious or apparent upon reasonable inspection.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

Uncertainty or doubtfulness of the meaning of language.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

Uncertainty or doubtfulness of the meaning of language.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   when language has more than one meaning. If the ambiguity is obvious it is called "patent," and if there is a hidden ambiguity it is called "latent." If there is an ambiguity, and the original writer cannot effectively explain it, then the ambiguity will be decided in the light most favorable to the other party.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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