mis·rep·re·sen·ta·tion /mis-ˌre-pri-ˌzen-'tā-shən, -zən-/ n: an intentionally or sometimes negligently false representation made verbally, by conduct, or sometimes by nondisclosure or concealment and often for the purpose of deceiving, defrauding, or causing another to rely on it detrimentally; also: an act or instance of making such a representation

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I noun deceitfulness, deception, deceptive statement, deceptiveness, distortion, exaggeration, fabrication, false representation, false statement, falsehood, falsification, falsity, fraud, inaccuracy, incorrect assertion, intentional misstatement, lie, misapplication, misconstruction, misguidance, misquotation, misreport, misstatement, misstatement of fact, overstatement, untrue statement, untruth, untruthfulness, unveracity associated concepts: actionable misrepresentation, deceit, false misrepresentation, fraudulent misrepresentation, innocent misrepresentation, material misrepresentation, misrepresentation of a material fact, negligent misrepresentation II index abuse (corrupt practice), artifice, bad faith, catachresis, color (deceptive appearance), deceit, deception, distortion, evasion, false pretense, falsehood, falsification, forgery, fraud, hoax, lie, misstatement, overstatement, perjury, pretense (pretext), pretext, sham, sophistry, story (falsehood), subreption, understatement

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

representing something incorrectly. A misrepresentation is distinct from a statement of opinion. It may have the effect of making an otherwise valid contract void or at least voidable. A distinction is made between innocent, negligent and fraudulent misrepresentations. At best, an innocent misrepresentation may affect a contract, a negligent misrepresentation may attract in addition liability for negligence, assuming the requirements of that tort can be met, and a fraudulent misrepresentation may attract damages for the fraud and deceit. See also error.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

A misstatement of facts to obtain money, goods, or benefits to which the person making the misrepresentation is not entitled. In some circumstances misrepresentation can be prosecuted as a crime. Examples include falsely claiming to represent a charity to obtain money for personal benefit, or entering into a marriage when already married (thereby misrepresenting the legal ability to marry).
Category: Criminal Law
Category: Divorce & Family Law
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

If you make a misleading statement that encourages someone else to enter into a contract, the other person can sue you for damages or possibly have the contract dismissed. The legal term for this right of action is misrepresentation.
An untrue statement of fact or law made by Party A to Party B which induces Party B to enter the contract thereby causing Party B loss. An action for misrepresentation can be brought in respect of a misrepresentation of fact or law.
There are three types of misrepresentation: fraudulent misrepresentation (where a false representation has been made knowingly, or without belief in its truth, or recklessly as to its truth); negligent misrepresentation (a misrepresentation under the Misrepresentation Act 1967 where a statement is made carelessly or without reasonable grounds for believing its truth); and innocent misrepresentation (misrepresentation made entirely without fault).
The remedies for misrepresentation are rescission and/or damages. For fraudulent and negligent misrepresentation, the claimant may claim rescission and damages. For innocent misrepresentation, the court has a discretion to award damages in lieu of rescission; the court cannot award both.
Related links

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

n. A false statement typically made with the intention to mislead.
=>> fraud.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

An assertion or manifestation by words or conduct that is not in accord with the facts.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

An assertion or manifestation by words or conduct that is not in accord with the facts.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   the crime of misstating facts to obtain money, goods or benefits of another to which the accused is not entitled. Examples: a person a) falsely claims to represent a charity to obtain a donation which he/she keeps; b) says a painting is a genuine Jackson Pollock when it is a fake and thus is able to sell it for a price much greater than its true value. Misrepresentation is also called "false pretenses."
   See also: false pretenses

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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