priv·i·lege n [Latin privilegium law affecting a specific person, special right, from privus private + leg- lex law]
1: a right, license, or exemption from duty or liability granted as a special benefit, advantage, or favor: as
a: an exemption from liability where an action is deemed to be justifiable (as in the case of self-defense) or because of the requirements of a position or office; also: the affirmative defense that an action is privileged compare excuse
absolute privilege: a privilege that exempts a person from liability esp. for defamation regardless of intent or motive; specif: a privilege that exempts high public officials (as legislators) from liability for statements made while acting in their official capacity without regard to intent or malice
qualified privilege: a privilege esp. in the law of defamation that may be defeated esp. by a showing of actual malice – called also conditional privilege;
b: an exemption from a requirement to disclose information (as for trial) that is granted because of a relationship or position that demands confidentiality
the attorney-client privilege
the doctor-patient privilege
the marital privilege
the priest-penitent privilege see also confidential communication
deliberative process privilege: a privilege exempting the government from disclosure (as in discovery) of government agency materials containing opinions, recommendations, and other communications that are part of the decision-making process within the agency
executive privilege: a privilege exempting the executive branch of government from disclosing communications if such disclosure would adversely affect the functions and decision-making process of that branch see also united states v. nixon in the important cases section
◇ Executive privilege is based on the separation of powers doctrine. In United States v. Nixon, the Supreme Court held that this privilege is not absolute and that without a claim of a need to protect military, diplomatic, or national security secrets, the need for evidence in a criminal trial will outweigh a general assertion of executive privilege.
informant's privilege: the privilege of the government to withhold the identity of an informant who has provided evidence for a criminal trial – called also informer's privilege;
jour·nal·ist's privilege: reporter's privilege in this entry
privilege against self–incrimination: a privilege under the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protecting a person from compulsion to make self-incriminating statements
re·port·er's privilege: a privilege protecting a reporter from compulsion to reveal information acquired in the course of gathering news – called also journalist's privilege;
c: something specially permitted or granted as a matter of discretion that may be limited or taken away
right to...mooring permit is not necessarily created because discretionary state privilege was generously granted in [the] pastNational Law Journal compare right
d in the civil law of Louisiana: a right of a creditor conferred by the nature of a debt to have priority over the debtor's other creditors
2: any of various fundamental or specially sacred rights considered as particularly guaranteed to all persons by a constitution and esp. by the privileges and immunities clause of the U.S. Constitution

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I noun advantage, affranchisement, allowance, authority, authorization, beneficium, benefit, chance, charter, dispensation, enfranchisement, entitlement, exemption, favor, franchise, freedom, grant, honor, immunitas, immunity, indulgence, liberty, license, opportunity, permission, perquisite, prerogative, priority, release, right, sanction, title, tolerance, vouchsafement, warrant associated concepts: executive privilege, immunity, privilege against self-incrimination, privileged communications, privileged statement, privileges and immunities, qualified privilege foreign phrases:
- Privilegium est beneficium personate, et extinguitur cum persona. — A privilege is a personal benefit, and is extinguished with the death of the person.
- Privilegium non valet contra rempublicam. — A privilege is of no avail against the state
- Necessitas inducit privilegium quo ad jura private. — Necessity gives a privilege with reference to private rights.
II index advantage, allow (authorize), authorize, birthright, capacity (authority), charter (sanction), claim (right), concession (authorization), dispensation (exception), droit, easement, empower, enable, exclusion, exemption, franchise (license), franchise (right to vote), free, freedom, grant (concede), immunity, impunity, invest (vest), let (permit), liberty, license, option (contractual provision), palliate (excuse), patent, permit, prerogative, prize, right (entitlement), sanction

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

(1) A right, immunity, or advantage held by only one or a few people, or only by a particular group or class.
(2) An exemption from duties or requirements imposed on most people; a release from an obligation or liability.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

a right or immunity in connection with legal proceedings conferred upon a person by virtue of his position. For example, in the law of evidence a person may generally refuse to answer a question on the grounds that the answer might incriminate him; likewise, a spouse may refuse to answer questions about the other spouse in relation to events occurring during the time of their marriage.
The word has a specialised meaning in the context of the law of defamation.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

A special benefit, exemption from a duty, or immunity from penalty, given to a particular person, a group, or a class of people.
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

Privilege entitles a party (or his successor in title) to withhold evidence from production to a third party or the court. The various forms of privilege are:
legal professional privilege which includes:
• legal advice privilege;
• litigation privilege.
• Joint privilege.
• Common interest privilege.
• Privilege against self-incrimination.
Related links

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

n. An advantage that is not enjoyed by everyone; a special exemption, immunity, or legal right granted to a person or a class of persons; an exception.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

A particular benefit, advantage, or immunity enjoyed by a person or class of people that is not shared with others. A power of exemption against or beyond the law. It is not a right but, rather, exempts one from the performance of a duty, obligation, or liability.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

A particular benefit, advantage, or immunity enjoyed by a person or class of people that is not shared with others. A power of exemption against or beyond the law. It is not a right but, rather, exempts one from the performance of a duty, obligation, or liability.
II A benefit or advantage to certain persons beyond the advantages of other persons, i.e., an exemption, immunity, power, etc.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   a special benefit, exemption from a duty, or immunity from penalty, given to a particular person, a group or a class of people.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?
, , , , , , / , , / (some particular exemption), (with some peculiar right)

Look at other dictionaries:

  • privilège — [ privilɛʒ ] n. m. • 1190; var. privilegie, priviliège; lat. jurid. privilegium « loi concernant un particulier » 1 ♦ Droit, avantage particulier accordé à un seul individu ou à une catégorie, en dehors de la loi commune. ⇒ apanage. Concéder,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • privilege — Privilege. s. m. Faculté accordée à un particulier, ou à une Communauté de faire quelque chose à l exclusion de tous autres. Un beau privilege. privilege exclusif. un privilege fort estendu. un privilege nouveau. un privilege d imprimer. un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Privilege — • A permanent concession made by a legislator outside of the common law Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Privilege     Privilege      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • privilege — priv‧i‧lege [ˈprɪvlɪdʒ] noun 1. [countable] a special advantage given to a small group of people, organizations, countries etc: • The new trade privileges will enhance Vienna s effort to attract US companies. • The Treasury will allow dealers to …   Financial and business terms

  • Privilege — Privilège Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Privilege — Priv i*lege, n. [F. privil[ e]ge, L. privilegium an ordinance or law against or in favor of an individual; privus private + lex, legis, law. See {Private}, and {Legal}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor; a right or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • privilege — Privilege, C est à dire, une loy particuliere, pour ou contre aucun, Priuilegium, Vacatio. Toute ville qui jouissoit de mesmes privileges que la ville de Rome, Municipium. Le privilege aux bourgeois, Ius municipum, et ciuile. B. Crier par vertu… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Privilege — Priv i*lege, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Privileged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Privileging}.] [Cf. F. privil[ e]gier.] [1913 Webster] 1. To grant some particular right or exemption to; to invest with a peculiar right or immunity; to authorize; as, to privilege… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • privilege — (n.) mid 12c. (recorded earlier in Old English, but as a Latin word), from O.Fr. privilege (12c.), from L. privilegium law applying to one person, later privilege, from privus individual (see PRIVATE (Cf. private)) + lex (gen. legis) law (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • privilege — ► NOUN 1) a special right, advantage, or immunity for a particular person or group. 2) an opportunity to do something regarded as a special honour: she had the privilege of giving the opening lecture. 3) the right to say or write something… …   English terms dictionary

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