res judicata

res judicata
res ju·di·ca·ta /'rēz-ˌjü-di-'kä-tə, 'rās-ˌyü-/ n [Latin, judged matter]
1: a thing, matter, or determination that is adjudged or final: as
a: a claim, issue, or cause of action that is settled by a judgment conclusive as to the rights, questions, and facts involved in the dispute
b: a judgment, decree, award, or other determination that is considered final and bars relitigation of the same matter
the trial court interpreted the earlier order as a dismissal with prejudice and thus res judicata as to the subsequent complaintSoutheast Mortg. Co. v. Sinclair, 632 So. 2d 677 (1994); also: the barring effect of such a determination
2: a principle or doctrine that generally bars relitigation or reconsideration of matters determined in adjudication
the doctrine of res judicata precludes the presentation of issues in a post-conviction petition which have previously been decided upon direct appealStowers v. State, 657 N.E.2d 194 (1995): as
a: a broad doctrine in civil litigation that requires and includes the barring of relitigation of settled matters under merger, bar, collateral estoppel, and direct estoppel: former adjudication compare bar 3b estoppel by judgment at estoppel 2a, merger 4
b: a specific doctrine that precludes relitigation of claims and issues arising from the same cause of action between the same parties and their privies after a final judgment on the merits by a competent tribunal or after some other final determination having the same effect
res judicata precludes only subsequent suits on the same cause of action; collateral estoppel may preclude relitigation of issues in later suits on any cause of action — J. H. Friedenthal et al. – called also claim preclusion;
3: an affirmative defense based on res judicata

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

res judicata
I noun accommodated, adjudication, adjusted, agreed, arranged, brought to termination, came to determination, concluded, decided, decision, decree, determination, judgment, negotiated, resolved II index adjudication

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

res judicata
(Latin) An adjudicated matter; a rule that a court’s final judgment conclusively settles the rights of all parties involved.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

res judicata
Latin for a legal issue that has been finally decided by a court, between the same parties, and cannot be ruled on again. For example, if a court rules that John is the father of Betty's child, John cannot raise the issue again in another court. (He could appeal the court's ruling to a higher court, but he could not raise the paternity issue again in another lawsuit.) Sometimes called res adjudicata. (See also: collateral estoppel)
Category: Representing Yourself in Court
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

res judicata
Short for "Res judicata pro veritate accipitur". The principle that a judicial decision is conclusive as between the parties.

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

res judicata
n. Latin A thing decided. A doctrine whereby the court's decision is binding upon the parties in any and all subsequent litigation concerning the same case. In effect, it bars the litigants from seeking to take the same case to another court in hopes of a different outcome, or of raising new issues that were not raised at the first trial.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

res judicata
(Latin: A thing adjudged.)
A rule that a final judgment on the merits by a court having jurisdiction is conclusive between the parties to a suit as to all matters that were litigated or that could have been litigated in that suit.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

res judicata
[Latin, A thing adjudged.] A rule that a final judgment on the merits by a court having jurisdiction is conclusive between the parties to a suit as to all matters that were litigated or that could have been litigated in that suit.
II The same as res adjudicata.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

res judicata
   : (rayz judy-cot-ah) n. Latin for "the thing has been judged," meaning the issue before the court has already been decided by another court, between the same parties. Therefore, the court will dismiss the case before it as being useless. Example: an Ohio court determines that John is the father of Betty's child. John cannot raise the issue again in another state. Sometimes called res adjudicata.
   See also: res adjudicata

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Res judicata — or res iudicata (RJ), also known as claim preclusion, is the Latin term for a matter [already] judged , and may refer to two concepts: in both civil law and common law legal systems, a case in which there has been a final judgment and is no… …   Wikipedia

  • Res judicata — Res Res (r?z), n.; pl. {Res}. [L.] A thing; the particular thing; a matter; a point. [1913 Webster] {Res gest[ae]} [L., things done] (Law), the facts which form the environment of a litigated issue. Wharton. {Res judicata} [L.] (Law), a thing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • res judicata — лат. (рэс юдиката) решенное дело. Толковый словарь иностранных слов Л. П. Крысина. М: Русский язык, 1998 …   Словарь иностранных слов русского языка

  • Res judicata — Res judicata, lat., endgültig abgeurtheilte Rechtssache, so daß der geschützte Anspruch vollzogen werden (actio judicati) oder der befreite Beklagte gegen künftige Erneuerung desselben mit der Einrede der abgeurtheilten Sache (exceptio rei… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • res judicata — a point decided by authority …   Etymology dictionary

  • res judicata — [jo͞o΄di kät′ə] n. [L, thing decided] Law a matter already decided by judicial authority …   English World dictionary

  • Res judicata — Als res judicata (von lat. res iudicata „entschiedene Sache“) bezeichnet man in der Juristensprache ein rechtskräftig ergangenes Urteil durch ein anderes Gericht bzw. eine als rechtskräftig anerkannte Sache (Hochzeit, Scheidung, Kauf, Erbschaft) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • res judicata — /reez jooh di kay teuh, rays /, Law. a thing adjudicated; a case that has been decided. [1685 95; < L] * * * ▪ law       (Latin: “a thing adjudged”), a thing or matter that has been finally juridically decided on its merits and cannot be… …   Universalium

  • Res judicata — Рес юдиката (лат. res judicata разрешенное дело) в римском праве положение, в соответствии с которым окончательное решение полномочного суда, которое вступило в силу, является обязательным для сторон спора и не может быть пересмотрено. В… …   Википедия

  • res judicata — термин, обозначающий наличие у ранее вынесенного решения по спору между теми же сторонами преюдициального эффекта, который должен быть учтен при вынесении решения в данном разбирательстве. Как правило, решения государственных судов не имеют… …   Glossary of international commercial arbitration

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