rescue doctrine

rescue doctrine
res·cue doctrine n: a common-law doctrine that permits a plaintiff to recover from a party whose negligence was the proximate cause of a peril from which the plaintiff reasonably undertook to rescue a third party
◇ The act of rescue itself is considered foreseeable, and the negligence of the defendant is considered to be the proximate cause of injury to the rescuer as well as to the one rescued.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

rescue doctrine
(1) A doctrine that a person who endangers someone’s life through negligence can also be held liable for injuries to anyone who tries to rescue the victim.
(2) A doctrine that a person who tries to rescue a victim from danger caused by another’s negligence cannot be charged with contributory negligence as a result of the rescue attempt, as long as the rescue is not reckless; also called humanitarian doctrine or good Samaritan doctrine.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

rescue doctrine
A rule in tort law that states that when a wrongdoer (tortfeasor) has negligently endangered the safety of another, the wrongdoer can be held liable for injuries suffered by a third person who attemps to rescue the person in danger.
Category: Accidents & Injuries
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

rescue doctrine
n. The principle in torts that a wrongdoer who endangers a person by negligence is liable for any injuries sustained by someone who acted reasonably in attempting to rescue the endangered person.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

rescue doctrine
The principle that one who has, through her negligence, endangered the safety of another can be held liable for injuries sustained by a third person who attempts to save the imperiled person from injury.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

rescue doctrine
The principle that one who has, through her negligence, endangered the safety of another can be held liable for injuries sustained by a third person who attempts to save the imperiled person from injury.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

rescue doctrine
   the rule of law that if a rescuer of a person hurt or put in peril due to the negligence or intentional wrongdoing of another (the tortfeasor) is injured in the process of the rescue, the original wrongdoer is responsible in damages for the rescuer's injury. Example: Sydney Sparetire speeds on a mountain highway, and skids in front of Victor Victim, running Victim's car off the bank, trapping Victim in the vehicle. Raymond Rightguy stops, ties a rope to the grill of his car, slides down and extricates Victim, but on the way up slips and breaks his arm, and then finds the grill is badly bent. The negligent Sparetire is liable to Rightguy for his broken arm (including medical expenses, loss of wages and general damages for pain and suffering) as well as the property damage to the car grill.
   See also: damages

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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