seal 1 n [Old French seel, from Latin sigillum, from diminutive of signum mark, sign]: a device (as an emblem, symbol, or word) used to identify or replace a signature and to authenticate (as at common law) written matter see also contract under seal at contract
under seal: with an authenticating seal affixed
seal 2 vt
1: to authenticate or approve by or as if by a seal
2: to close off (as records) from public access
search 1 n
1: an exploratory investigation (as of an area or person) by a government agent that intrudes on an individual's reasonable expectation of privacy and is conducted usu. for the purpose of finding evidence of unlawful activity or guilt or to locate a person
warrantless seal es are invalid unless they fall within narrowly drawn exceptionsState v. Mahone, 701 P.2d 171 (1985) see also exigent circumstances, plain view 2 probable cause at cause 2, reasonable suspicion; search warrant at warrant compare seizure
◇ The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits unreasonable searches and requires that a warrant may issue only upon probable cause and that the warrant must particularly describe the place to be searched. Some searches, such as a search incident to an arrest, have been held to be valid without a warrant.
administrative search: an inspection or search carried out under a regulatory or statutory scheme esp. in public or commercial premises and usu. to enforce compliance with regulations or laws pertaining to health, safety, or security
one of the fundamental principles of administrative searches is that the government may not use an administrative inspection scheme as a pretext to search for evidence of criminal violationsPeople v. Madison, 520 N.E.2d 374 (1988) – called also administrative inspection, inspection, regulatory search; see also probable cause at cause 2
◇ The U.S. Supreme Court held in Camara v. Municipal Court, 387 U.S. 523 (1967), that a reasonable administrative search may be conducted upon a showing of probable cause which is less stringent than that required for a search incident to a criminal investigation. The Court stated that the reasonableness of the search can only be determined by “balancing the need to search against the invasion which the search entails.” Cases following Camara have stated that the probable cause requirement is fulfilled by showing that the search meets reasonable administrative standards established in a nonarbitrary regulatory scheme.
bor·der search: a search made of a person upon crossing into the U.S. at a border or its equivalent (as the airport at which the person arrives in the U.S.)
◇ Probable cause is not required for a border search.
consent search: a warrantless search conducted upon the voluntarily given consent of a person having authority over the place or things to be searched
inventory search: a warrantless search (as of an impounded automobile) conducted for the purpose of placing personal property in safekeeping to prevent loss of the property and claims against police for such loss
protective search: a search (as a frisk) conducted by a law enforcement officer for the purpose of ensuring against threats to safety (as from a concealed weapon) or sometimes to prevent the destruction of evidence
regulatory search: administrative search in this entry
shake·down search /'shāk-ˌdau̇n-/: a search for illicit or contraband material (as weapons or drugs) in prisoners' cells that is usu. random and warrantless
◇ In Hudson v. Palmer, 468 U.S. 517 (1984), the U.S. Supreme Court held that Fourth Amendment protections do not extend to searches of prisoners' cells.
strip search: a search for something concealed on a person conducted after removal of the person's clothing
2: an act of boarding and inspecting a ship on the high seas in exercise of the right to do so under international law (as in time of war)
3: an examination of a public record or registry see also title search
search 2 vt: to conduct a search of
seal a premises
seal a person
seal a title
vi: to conduct a search
seal for drugs in a school locker
search·er n

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I (close) verb bar, block off, bolt, close up, cover, keep from public view, keep in confidence, keep in secrecy, lock, occlude, secret, secure associated concepts: sealed case, sealed grand jury report, sealed indictment, sealed instrument, sealed verdict II (solemnize) verb accept, accredit, approve, attest, authenticate, authorize, bear witness, certify, confirm, endorse, enstamp, impress with mark, imprint, inscribe, legalize, license, ratify, sanction, sign, stamp, substantiate, support, undersign, validate, verify, vouch III index bar (hinder), brand, brand (mark), complete, conclude (complete), conclude (decide), confirm, confirmation, determine, fix (settle), lock, notarize, occlude, sanction (permission), shut, sign, stamp, subscribe (sign), symbol, validate

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

An impression in wax or another substance, or an impression on paper, placed on a document to verify that it has been legally executed.
To place a seal on a document; to close a document and place a seal on it that must be broken for it to be read.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

a formal mark impressed by a person on deeds. Originally, all documents executed by a company had to have the company seal attached; this is no longer necessary since the Companies Act 1989. Before the Law of Property (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1989, deeds in English law were validly executed only if they were 'signed, sealed and delivered'. Sealing is no longer a requirement.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

1) A device that creates an impression upon paper, used by corporations, LLCs, and notaries public to show that the document is executed or acknowledged by the signer. Corporate and LLC seals include the name of the corporation and the date and state of incorporation. Notaries increasingly use a rubber stamp instead of a seal, since their print is easier to microfilm for official recording.
2) To conceal from public record. In some instances, for example, a persons arrest or criminal records may be sealed, meaning without a court order to inspect them they may not be viewed. (See also: expunge)
Category: Business, LLCs & Corporations → LLCs, Corporations, Partnerships, etc.

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

1 n. In common law, an impression in wax, wafer, or other substance put on a document and attesting to its authenticity; a similar impression placed over the edge of an envelope, its unbroken condition indicating that the envelope is unopened, hence its contents are untampered with. A corporation's seal is at times called a common seal.
2 v. the act of placing an impression upon an envelope or document to designate that it is undisturbed, the act of closing.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

To close records by any type of fastening that must be broken before access can be obtained.
An impression upon wax, wafer, or some other substance capable of being impressed.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

To close records by any type of fastening that must be broken before access can be obtained.
An impression upon wax, wafer, or some other substance capable of being impressed.
II To mark a document with a seal; to authenticate or make binding by affixing a seal. Court seal, corporate seal.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   a device which creates an impression upon paper or melted wax, used by government agencies, corporations and notaries public to show that the document is validly executed, acknowledged or witnessed, since the seal is unique to the sealer. Corporate seals state the name, date and state of incorporation. Notaries increasingly use a rubber stamp instead of a seal since their print is easier to microfilm for official recording than is a faint embossed impression. Contracts used to be "sealed," but that is rare today.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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  • seal — seal1 [sēl] n. [ME seel < OFr < L sigillum, a seal, mark, dim. of signum: see SIGN] 1. a design, initial, or other device placed on a letter, document, etc., as a mark of genuineness or authenticity: letters were, esp. formerly, closed with …   English World dictionary

  • Seal — auf der Berlinale 2008 Seal (* 19. Februar 1963 in London, als Seal Henry Olusegun Olumide Adeola Samuel) ist ein britischer Sänger nigerianischer und brasilianischer Abstammung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seal — (s[=e]l), n. [OE. sele, AS. seolh; akin to OHG. selah, Dan. s[ae]l, Sw. sj[ a]l, Icel. selr.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any aquatic carnivorous mammal of the families {Phocid[ae]} and {Otariid[ae]}. [1913 Webster] Note: Seals inhabit seacoasts, and are found… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Seal — Seal, n. [OE. seel, OF. seel, F. sceau, fr. L. sigillum a little figure or image, a seal, dim. of signum a mark, sign, figure, or image. See {Sign}, n., and cf. {Sigil}.] 1. An engraved or inscribed stamp, used for marking an impression in wax or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Seal — • The use of a seal by men of wealth and position was common before the Christian era. It was natural then that high functionaries of the Church should adopt the habit as soon as they became socially and politically important Catholic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Seal — Seal, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sealed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sealing}.] [OE. selen; cf. OF. seeler, seieler, F. sceller, LL. sigillare. See {Seal} a stamp.] 1. To set or affix a seal to; hence, to authenticate; to confirm; to ratify; to establish; as, to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SEAL — oder SEAL ist die Bezeichnung für: einen englischen Sänger, siehe Seal eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche für DOS. Siehe SEAL (Computer) eine Sound Bibliothek für verschiedene Plattformen (Synthetic Audio Library) ein britisches U Boot, das von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seal — 〈[ si:l] m. 6; kurz für〉 Sealskin (1) [engl., „Robbe“; → Seehund] * * * Seal [zi:l , auch: si:l], der od. das; s, s [engl. seal = Robbe]: 1. a) Fell bestimmter Robbenarten; b) aus Seal (1 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • seal — Ⅰ. seal [1] ► NOUN 1) a device or substance used to join two things together or make something impervious. 2) a piece of wax or lead with an individual design stamped into it, attached to a document as a guarantee of authenticity. 3) a… …   English terms dictionary

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