bail 1 /'bāl/ n [Anglo-French, act of handing over, delivery of a prisoner into someone's custody in exchange for security, from bailler to hand over, entrust, from Old French, from Latin bajulare to carry (a burden)]
1: the temporary release of a prisoner in exchange for security given for the prisoner's appearance at a later hearing
while free on bail
2: the security given for a prisoner's release; also: the amount or terms of the security
excessive bail shall not be requiredU.S. Constitution amend. VIII
posted cash bail
motion to reduce bail
3: one who provides bail and is liable for the released prisoner's appearance
bail may arrest or authorize arrest of principalCode of Alabama
jump bail: to flee the jurisdiction while released on bail
make bail: to be released on bail
bail 2 vt
1: to release on bail
2: to obtain the release of by giving bail
— often used with out
3: to place (personal property) under a bailment
identity of the article claimed to have been bail edPeet v. Roth Hotel Co., 253 N.W. 546 (1934)
◇ Property is usually bailed by putting it temporarily in the custody of another for a specific purpose, as safekeeping or delivery to a third party.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I noun assurance, bond, caution money, collateral, earnest, gage, guaranty, indemnity, pignus, pledge, security, surety, undertaking associated concepts: admission to bail, bail bond, bail piece, bonds, cash bail, common bail, excessive bail, execute on bail, forfeiture of bail, ne exeat, recognizance, reduction of bail, release on bail, revocation of bail, special bail, straw bail II index security (pledge)

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

Money or other security given temporarily to the court to allow a prisoner to be released before trial and to ensure that he or she will return for trial; if the prisoner does not return for trial, he or she forfeits the bail.
To furnish money or property to get someone released from prison.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

the release of an accused person pending further process, a procedure known in England since the time of Richard III. The court may seek security, in terms of money, or impose conditions. In England bail is governed by the Bail Act 1976 and the Supreme Court Act 1981. There is a presumption in favour of bail: Bail (Scotland) Act 1980. Money bail is no longer required. The standard conditions in Scotland require the accused not to commit offences and to keep the authorities appraised of his address and to turn up for the callings of the case. Special conditions may restrict the accused from approaching the complainer in the case. In both jurisdictions, refusal may be appealed. In both jurisdictions bail need not be granted if there are substantial grounds for believing that the accused would re-offend, interfere with witnesses or abscond. In both England and Wales and Scotland, there are no longer any automatic refusals of bail as a result of a decision of the European Court of Human Rights: Caballero v. UK [2000] TLR 144. In some US states there is a bail schedule setting out the amount of bail for each crime.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

The money paid to the court, usually at arraignment or shortly thereafter, to ensure that an arrested person who is released from jail will show up at all required court appearances. The amount of bail is determined by the local bail schedule, which is based on the seriousness of the offense. The judge can increase the bail if the prosecutor convinces him that the defendant is likely to flee (for example, if he has failed to show up in court in the past), or can decrease it if the defense attorney shows that the defendant is unlikely to run (for example, he has strong ties to the community by way of a steady job and a family).
Category: Criminal Law
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

1 n. Security, such as cash, a bond, or property, pledged or given to a court by or on behalf of one accused of committing a crime, to obtain release from incarceration and to ensure the person's future appearance in court when required during the criminal proceeding.
2 v. To obtain for oneself or another the release from incarceration by providing security to ensure the person's future appearance at every stage in a criminal proceeding.
3 v. To temporarily give possession of personal property to someone.
See also bailment.
@ excessive bail
Bail set in an amount greater than what is reasonable, in light of the seriousness of the alleged crime and the risk that the defendant might flee, to ensure the person's appearance at every stage of a criminal proceeding. The Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the setting of bail in excessive amounts.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

The system that governs the status of individuals charged with committing crimes, from the time of their arrest to the time of their trial, and pending appeal, with the major purpose of ensuring their presence at trial.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

The system that governs the status of individuals charged with committing crimes, from the time of their arrest to the time of their trial, and pending appeal, with the major purpose of ensuring their presence at trial.
II Money or other security (such as a bail bond) provided to the court to temporarily allow a person's release from jail and assure their appearance in court. "Bail" and "Bond" are often used interchangeably. (Applies mainly to state courts.)

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   1) n. the money or bond put up to secure the release of a person who has been charged with a crime. For minor crimes bail is usually set by a schedule which will show the amount to be paid before any court appearance (arraignment). For more serious crimes the amount of bail is set by the judge at the suspect's first court appearance. The theory is that bail guarantees the appearance of the defendant in court when required. While the Constitution guarantees the right to reasonable bail, a court may deny bail in cases charging murder or treason, or when there is a danger that the defendant will flee or commit mayhem. In some traffic matters the defendant may forfeit the bail by non-appearance since the bail is equivalent to the fine.
   2) v. to post money or bond to secure an accused defendant's release. This is generally called "bailing out" a prisoner.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?
, / (of a pail, etc.),

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bail — bail …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • bail — bail, baux [ baj, bo ] n. m. • 1264 « contrat par lequel on cède la jouissance d une chose pour un prix et pour un temps »; de bailler ♦ Contrat par lequel l une des parties (⇒ bailleur) s oblige à faire jouir l autre (⇒ preneur; locataire;… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bail — BAIL, au pluriel Baux. s. m. Contrat par lequel on donne une terre à ferme, ou une maison à louage. Bail à ferme. Baux à ferme. Bail de maison. Bail de six, de neuf ans. Bail à longues années. Bail à vie. Bail à rente. Bail emphytéotique. Bail d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • bail — Bail. s. m. Contract par lequel on baille une terre à ferme, ou une maison à loüage. Bail à ferme. baux à ferme. bail de maison, bail de six, de neuf ans. bail à longues années. bail d heritages. bail judiciaire fait en justice, d une terre ou d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Bail — Bail, n. [OF. bail guardian, administrator, fr. L. bajulus. See {Bail} to deliver.] 1. Custody; keeping. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Silly Faunus now within their bail. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) (a) The person or persons who procure the release… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bail — Ⅰ. bail [1] ► NOUN 1) the temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial, sometimes on condition that a sum of money is lodged to guarantee their appearance in court. 2) money paid by or for such a person as security. ► VERB ▪ release or… …   English terms dictionary

  • bail — bail·a·ble; bail; bail·ee; bail·li; bail·liage; bail·ment; bail·or; water·bail·age; bail·er; …   English syllables

  • bail — bail1 [bāl] n. [ME & OFr, power, control, custody < OFr baillier, to keep in custody, deliver < L bajulare, to bear a burden < bajulus, porter, carrier] 1. money, a bond, etc. deposited with the court to obtain the temporary release of… …   English World dictionary

  • Bail — Bail, v. t. [OF. bailler to give, to deliver, fr. L. bajulare to bear a burden, keep in custody, fr. bajulus he who bears burdens.] 1. To deliver; to release. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Ne none there was to rescue her, ne none to bail. Spenser. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bail — Bail, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bailed} (b[=a]ld); p. pr. & vb. n. {Bailing}.] 1. To lade; to dip and throw; usually with out; as, to bail water out of a boat. [1913 Webster] Buckets . . . to bail out the water. Capt. J. Smith. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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