The act of testifying against oneself or implicating oneself in a crime, which the Fifth Amendment forbids the government to require of anyone.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

the giving of evidence, by testimony or otherwise, by a witness that incriminates him. In many systems a person does not have to answer a question that, if truly answered, would tend to incriminate. See right to silence.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

The making of statements that might expose the maker to criminal prosecution, either now or in the future. The Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution prohibits the government from forcing a person to provide evidence (as in answering questions) that might lead to prosecution for a crime.
Category: Criminal Law
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

Giving testimony in a trial or other legal proceeding that could subject one to criminal prosecution.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

Giving testimony in a trial or other legal proceeding that could subject one to criminal prosecution.
II (privilege against self-incrimination) The constitutional right of people to refuse to give testimony against themselves that could subject them to criminal prosecution. The right is guaranteed in the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution . Asserting the right is often referred to as "taking the Fifth."

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   making statements or producing evidence which tends to prove that one is guilty of a crime. The 5th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees that one cannot "be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself:" and the 14th Amendment applies that guarantee to state cases. Thus refusing to testify in court on the basis that the testimony may be self-incriminating is called "taking the Fifth."

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Self-incrimination — is the act of accusing oneself of a crime for which a person can then be prosecuted. Self incrimination can occur either directly or indirectly: directly, by means of interrogation where information of a self incriminatory nature is disclosed;… …   Wikipedia

  • self-incrimination — /self in krim euh nay sheuhn, self /, n. the act of incriminating oneself or exposing oneself to prosecution, esp. by giving evidence or testimony. [1920 25] * * * In criminal law, the giving of evidence that might tend to expose the witness to… …   Universalium

  • self-incrimination — ˌself inˈcrimination noun [uncountable] LAW when a person says something that makes them seem guilty of a crime: • He refused to discuss his business transactions, for fear of self incrimination. * * * self incrimination UK US noun [U] LAW ► the… …   Financial and business terms

  • self–incrimination — self–in·crim·i·na·tion /ˌself in ˌkri mə nā shən/ n: incrimination of and by oneself esp. through testimony see also privilege against self incrimination at privilege Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • self-incrimination — also self incrimination, 1911, from SELF (Cf. self) + incrimination (see INCRIMINATE (Cf. incriminate)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • self-incrimination — [self′in krim΄ə nā′shən] n. incrimination of oneself by one s own statements or answers self incriminating adj …   English World dictionary

  • self-incrimination — Acts or declarations either as testimony at trial or prior to trial by which one implicates himself in a crime. The Fifth Amendment, U.S.Const., as well as provisions in many state constitutions and laws, prohibit the government from requiring a… …   Black's law dictionary

  • self-incrimination — /sɛlf ɪnkrɪməˈneɪʃən/ (say self inkrimuh nayshuhn) noun the providing of evidence of one s own guilt by one s own actions or speech: an act of self incrimination. –self incriminating, adjective …  

  • self-incrimination — The giving of testimony, the furnishing of evidence, or a demonstration by act, by which a witness incriminates himself because it is such or tends to be such as will convict him of a crime. 58 Am J1st Witn §§ 57 et seq. See privilege against… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • self-incrimination, privilege against — n. A privilege granted by the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which bars the federal government from forcing a criminal defendant to give testimony against him or herself. Through the due process clause of Fourteenth Amendment …   Law dictionary

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