sep·a·ra·tion /ˌse-pə-'rā-shən/ n
1: cessation of cohabitation between a married couple by mutual agreement with intent that it be permanent; also: legal separation compare divorce
◇ In some cases in which the estrangement is extreme, a separation is considered to have occurred even when the couple retain the same residence if they have stopped communicating and engaging in sexual relations and intend to be separated.
2: termination of a contractual relationship (as employment or military service)

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I noun alienation, breach, break, cleavage, detachment, disassociation, disiunctio, disseverance, dissociation, dissolution, dissolution of marriage, disunion, division, divorce, divorcement, estrangement, legal dissolution of marriage, parting, rending, rupture, separatio, severance, split, sundering, tearing, termination of marital cohabitation, uncoupling associated concepts: judgment of separation, judicial separation, just cause for separation, legal separation, separation agreement, separation by consent, separation decree, separation of powers, separation order, voluntary separation II index alienation (estrangement), decentralization, dichotomy, disassociation, discrimination (differentiation), dissolution (disintegration), diversification, division (act of dividing), estrangement, evulsion, exception (exclusion), exclusion, expulsion, hiatus, liberation, ostracism, privacy, quarantine, removal, rift (gap), schism, section (division), selection (choice), severance, split, subdivision

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

in family law in both England and Scotland, a court order ordaining and permitting the parties to live apart. The grounds are the same as those required to show irretrievable breakdown in divorce. The courts have the same powers in relation to financial orders and children as they do when making a decree of divorce. Judicial separation does not actually terminate the marriage and is therefore an appropriate course to take if there are religious objections to divorce or if the parties have not finally agreed to divorce. The term separation is also used to describe the state arising when parties agree to live apart – frequently under the terms of a legally binding agreement that provides for the payment of money and the welfare of children. The term is used non-technically to describe people who are de facto living apart.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

In the context of marriage, the state of living apart. Spouses are said to be separated if they no longer live in the same dwelling, even though they may continue their relationship. They may also be considered separated while living in the same house, if they no longer share a bedroom and each live their separate lives. A legal separation results when the parties separate and a court rules on the division of property, alimony (spousal support), or child support and child custody, but does not grant a divorce.
Category: Divorce & Family Law → Divorce, Child Support & Custody

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

1 The condition of a husband and wife who remain married but who live apart, whether by mutual agreement or by decree of a court.
See also divorce.
2 Termination of an employment contact.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

A termination of cohabitation of husband and wife either by mutual agreement or, in the case of judicial separation, under the decree of a court.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

A termination of cohabitation of husband and wife either by mutual agreement or, in the case of judicial separation, under the decree of a court.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   married persons living apart, either informally by one leaving the home or agreeing to "separate" while sharing a residence without sexual relations, or formally by obtaining a "legal separation" or negotiating a "separation agreement" setting out the terms of separate living.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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