sub·ro·gate /'sə-brō-ˌgāt/ vt -gat·ed, -gat·ing [Latin subrogatus, past participle of subrogare surrogare to elect as a substitute, from sub- under + rogare to request]: to put in the place of another by the doctrine of subrogation: substitute (as a second creditor) for another with regard to a legal right or claim
subrogate s the trustee to the priority and avoidance rights of certain unsecured creditors — J. J. White and R. S. Summers
the surety who pays the principal obligation is the rights of the creditorLouisiana Civil Code

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

index change, replace, succeed (follow), supersede, supplant

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

An equitable remedy used to prevent unjust enrichment. Where an insurer has paid out money to an insured, subrogation enables the insurer to recoup all or some of that money from a third party who caused or contributed to the loss. This means that once an insurer has paid out under an insurance contract, the insurer can "step into the shoes" of the insured. The insurer acquires the rights to:
• Use the insured's name to proceed against any third party who was responsible for causing the loss.
• Claim from the insured any sums received by way of compensation from that third party.
The insurer has no greater rights than the insured and can only pursue actions against a person who could have been pursued by the insured.
Subrogation also allows a person who discharges the debt of another person to step into the shoes of the person originally entitled to that security. That is, the person who discharges the debt may be subrogated to any security on which the original debt was secured.
Related links

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Subrogate — Sub ro*gate, v. t. [L. subrogatus, p. p. of subrogare. See {Surrogate}.] To put in the place of another; to substitute. Barrow. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • subrogate — (v.) 1530s, from L. subrogatus, variant of surrogatus, pp. of surrogare/subrogare (see SURROGATE (Cf. surrogate)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • subrogate — [sub′rə gāt΄] vt. subrogated, subrogating [< L subrogatus, surrogatus: see SURROGATE] to substitute (one person) for another …   English World dictionary

  • subrogate — transitive verb ( gated; gating) Etymology: Middle English, from Latin subrogatus, past participle of subrogare, surrogare more at surrogate Date: 15th century to put in the place of another; especially to substitute (as a second creditor) for… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • subrogate — subrogation, n. /sub reuh gayt /, v.t., subrogated, subrogating. 1. to put into the place of another; substitute for another. 2. Civil Law. to substitute (one person) for another with reference to a claim or right. [1400 50; 1540 50 for def. 1;… …   Universalium

  • subrogate — verb To replace one person with another. Syn: substitute, surrogate …   Wiktionary

  • subrogate — sub·ro·gate || sÊŒbrəʊgeɪt v. assume a debt from a previous creditor …   English contemporary dictionary

  • subrogate — sub·ro·gate …   English syllables

  • subrogate — sub•ro•gate [[t]ˈsʌb rəˌgeɪt[/t]] v. t. gat•ed, gat•ing to put into the place of another; substitute for another • Etymology: 1540–50; < L subrogātus, ptp. of subrogāre to elect as a substitute =sub sub +rogāre to request; see ate I sub… …   From formal English to slang

  • subrogate — /ˈsʌbrəgeɪt/ (say subruhgayt) verb (t) (subrogated, subrogating) 1. to put into the place of another; substitute for another. 2. Civil Law to substitute (a claim against one person) for a claim against another person, or transfer (a lien… …   Australian-English dictionary

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