Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993

Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993
A federal law that protects the jobs of and guarantees unpaid leave to certain workers who suffer medical problems or who must care for sick family members or new children.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993
Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA)
A federal law requiring employers to give covered employees unpaid, job protected leave from employment (29 U.S.C. §§ 2601-2654). Coverage for employees requires a minimum of 1,250 hours worked for the employer for the previous 12 months. Coverage for employers requires a minimum of 50 employees. Employees are not covered if they work at a facility with fewer than a total of 50 employees working within 75 miles of that facility.
The FMLA authorizes up to 12 weeks of leave for each 12-month period for:
• Birth and care of an employee's newborn child.
• Placement of an employee's adopted or foster child with the employee.
• Care of an employee's immediate family member (spouse, child or parent) with a serious health condition.
• The employee's serious health condition that prevents the employee from performing the functions of the job.
The FMLA also authorizes leave related to military service, including:
• Up to 26 weeks of leave for each 12-month period to care for a family member who is a covered servicemember and who has experienced a serious injury or illness that began during active duty service.
• Up to 12 weeks of leave for each 12-month period for a qualifying exigency arising because of active or impending military service.
The FMLA prohibits employers from:
• Limiting employees' rights under the statute.
• Discriminating against or terminating employees for exercising rights under the statute or opposing unlawful practices under the statute.
The FMLA is enforced and administered by the Department of Labor.

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

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