Court of First Instance (of the European Communities)

Court of First Instance (of the European Communities)
a court created by the Single European Act that has a jurisdiction to hear and determine at first instance certain actions brought by natural or legal persons. There is a right of appeal to the Court of Justice of the European Communities. It has 15 members, any of whom may carry out the function of Advocate General of the Court. It deals with: disputes between the institutions and their employees; actions against the Commission by undertakings in relation to European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) charges; actions in relation to competition policy rules; actions for damages caused by an institution in respect of a matter over which the Court of First Instance has jurisdiction; by Council Decision 94/194 (7/3/94), a further transfer of jurisdiction was accomplished. The Court of First Instance now considers actions brought by persons for annulment and failure to act under the ECSC Treaty (relating to Article 74) and under the European Economic Community Treaty in the case of antidumping and subsidies. Soon it is expected to take most cases other than preliminary hearings.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

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