agitate, altercate, argue, argue pros and cons, attempt to disprove, bandy, battle verbally, canvass, confer with, confute, consider, consult with, contend, contest, controvert, deliberate, disagree, discept, discuss, dispute, engage in oral controversy, examine a question, examine by argument, moot, negotiate, ponder, present reasons for and against, present varied opinions, ratiocinate, reason, refute, weigh, wrangle
associated concepts: debates of Constitutional Convention, freedom of debate, legislative debate
answer (reply), argue, argument (contention), challenge, conflict (noun), conflict (verb), consider, contention (argument), contention (opposition), contest (dispute), contest, contravention, controversy (argument), controvert, converse, cross (disagree with), deliberate, deliberation, disaccord (noun), disaccord (verb), disagree, disagreement, discourse, discuss, dispute, doubt (hesitate), fight (argument), muse, oppose, oscillate, parley, ponder, reason (persuade), refute, respond, speculate (conjecture), treat (process), vacillate
Burton's Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006
in Scottish civil procedure, that part of an action where legal argument takes place only on the pleas-in-law. It can take place before any proof if the plea is preliminary, such as a plea to the relevance or specification or after the case if it was impossible to answer the plea in law until evidence had been heard, for example, in ordinary negligence cases where, until the facts have been heard, it is not possible to say that the defender has or has not been legally negligent.
Collins dictionary of law. W. J. Stewart. 2001.