sex discrimination

sex discrimination
sex discrimination n: discrimination based on sex and esp. against women

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

sex discrimination
in the employment law of the UK, a body of rules designed to prevent and remedy discrimination on the basis of a person's sex. An equality clause is incorporated by law in every contract of employment by the Equal Pay Act 1970. It is even included in contracts for services. The equality clause has the effect in the contract of stating that men and women are employed on like work or employed on work rated as equivalent, the terms and conditions of employment will not be more favourable for one sex as against the other in any relevant respect.
Like work is work of a broadly similar nature. An employee may claim his or her work is of equal value and such a question may be remitted to an independent assessor. The value of the job on the employment market cannot determine matters, for the purpose of the legislation is to change the market: Rainey v . Greater Glasgow Health Board, 1987 SLT 146. A party can take the matter to an employment tribunal (employment tribunals) or, if it is not reasonably to be expected that a person will raise the matter, the Secretary of State can lay the matter before a tribunal. A complainant must have been working for six months before the proceedings.
The Sex Discrimination Act 1972, 1986 along with Article 119 of the European Economic Community Treaty, provides a range of control over discrimination based on sex. Direct discrimination, treating a member of one sex better than another, is restrained but so too is indirect discrimination through some gender-based criterion. The Act also applies to protect married persons. An indirect case is that a criterion is set whereby the proportion of the people who can apply differs between the sexes: Pearce v. City of Bradford [1988] IRLR 379. Justification is possible. The Act controls discrimination in selection for employment and promotion within employment. A person's sex may be a genuine occupational qualification, as where a producer is casting the role of Desdemona. There are other exceptions, including national security. Sexual harassment has been described as a form of sex discrimination: Porcelli v. SRC [1986] CR 564. An Equal Opportunities Commission has responsibility for monitoring the Act and can issue non-discrimination notices and support litigants by way of test cases.
The European law may subvert UK measures where they fail to meet European requirements.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

sex discrimination
Discrimination on the basis of gender.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

sex discrimination
Discrimination on the basis of gender.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sex discrimination — also sexual discrimination ➔ discrimination * * * sex discrimination UK US noun [U] (also sexual discrimination) HR, WORKPLACE, LAW ► treatment of men and women differently, especially unfair treatment of women …   Financial and business terms

  • sex discrimination — sex discrimi.nation n [U] treating people unfairly because they are women, or because they are men ▪ She is suing the company for sex discrimination …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • sex discrimination questionnaire — (SD74) A questionnaire prescribed under section 74 of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 that those who believe they may have been discriminated against on the grounds of their sex or marital status can serve on the alleged discriminator. The aim is …   Law dictionary

  • Sex Discrimination Act — Sex Di|scrim|i|na|tion Act, the a British law passed in 1975 to prevent sex ↑discrimination (=unfair treatment of someone because of their sex) , especially in employment and education …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Sex Discrimination Act 1975 — The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to protect men and women from discrimination on the grounds of gender. The Act is mainly in relation to employment, training, education, harassment, the provision… …   Wikipedia

  • Sex Discrimination (Election Candidates) Act 2002 — Infobox UK Legislation short title=Sex Discrimination (Election Candidates) Act 2002 parliament=United Kingdom Parliament long title=An Act to exclude from the operation of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 and the Sex Discrimination (Northern… …   Wikipedia

  • Sex Discrimination Acts —    Most feminists have argued women’s position in the labour market is a source of female disadvantage. Functionalists have argued that women get paid less than men as they have less skill and labour market experience than men, due to the time… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Sex Discrimination Commissioner — The Sex Discrimination Commissioner is an Australian federal government position established to oversee the operation of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984. The position was created alongside the Act as one of the specialist commissioners of the… …   Wikipedia

  • sex discrimination legislation —    In 1975, the Labour Government supplemented its equal pay legislation with the Sex Discrimination Act which among other things sought to outlaw discrimination in recruitment, training and fringe benefits. It also provides for protection… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics

  • sex discrimination — noun Discrimination based on gender …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”