dis·charge 1 /dis-'chärj, 'dis-ˌchärj/ vt
1: to release from an obligation: as
a: to relieve of a duty under an instrument (as a contract or a negotiable instrument); also: to render (an instrument) no longer enforceable
a formal instrument...may be discharged by either cancellation or surrender — J. D. Calamari and J. M. Perillo
b: to release (a debtor in bankruptcy) from liability for his or her debts
2: to release from confinement, custody, or care
discharge a prisoner
3 a: to dismiss from employment: terminate the employment of
b: to release from service or duty
discharge a jury
discharge a witness
4 a: to get rid of (as a debt or obligation) by performing an appropriate action
b: to fulfill a requirement for
evidence which is required to discharge the burden of going forward — W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
5: to order (a legislative committee) to end consideration of a bill in order to bring it before the house for action
dis·charge·abil·i·ty /dis-ˌchär-jə-'bi-lə-tē/ n
dis·charge·able /dis-'chär-jə-bəl/ adj
dis·charge 2 /'dis-ˌchärj/ n
1 a: the act of relieving of something that burdens or oppresses: release
b: something that discharges or releases; esp: a certification of or a document proving release or payment
2: the state of being discharged or released
a party seeking a total discharge
3: release from confinement
ordering a conditional discharge of the alien on habeas corpusHarvard Law Review
4: the act of removing an obligation or liability (as by payment of a debt or performance of a duty)
5 a: a dismissal from employment or office
constructive discharge: discharge of an employee effected by making the employee's working conditions so intolerable that he or she reasonably feels compelled to resign
retaliatory discharge: a wrongful discharge that is done in retaliation for an employee's conduct (as reporting an employer's criminal activity) and that clearly violates public policy
wrongful discharge: discharge of an employee for illegal reasons or for reasons that are contrary to public policy (as in retaliation for the employee's refusal to engage in unlawful activity)
b: a release from service or duty

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I (annulment) noun abolishment, abolition, abrogation, canceling, cancellation, cessation, defeasance, discontinuance, dissolution, invalidation, negation, nullification, recall, repeal, repudiation, rescission, retractation, reversal, revocation, voidance II (dismissal) noun dimissio, displacement, ejection, elimination, eviction, expulsion, firing, ouster, ousting, removal, removal from employment, replacement, unseating associated concepts: cause for discharge, conditional discharge, discharge from army, discharge from employment, discharge of employee, discriminatory discharge, improper discharge III (liberation) noun absolution, acquittal, clearance, deliverance, disenthrallment, emancipation, exculpation, exemption, exoneration, extrication, legal release from confinement, loosing, release, release from custody, reprieve, salvation, setting free IV (payment) noun acquitment, acquittal, acquittance, amortization, amortizement, annulment of debt, clearance, compensation, defrayal, defrayment, full satisfaction, liquidation, paying off, recompense, redemption, refund, reimbursement, remittance, reparation, repayment, restitution, retirement of a debt, return, satisfaction, settlement, settlement on account V (performance) noun accomplishment, achievement, attainment, carrying through, commission, completion, conclusion, consummation, culmination, dispatch, effectuation, enforcement, execution, fruition, fulfillment, implementation, observance, perpetration, production, realization, termination associated concepts: discharge of duty, faithful discharge of official duties VI (release from obligation) noun abolition, abrogation, absolution, acquittal, cancellation, defeasance, deliverance, delivery, dismissal, dispensation, emancipation, exception, exculpation, excuse, exemption, exoneration, extrication, invalidation, loosing, nullification, pardon, repeal, reprieve, rescission, revocation, voidance VII (shot) noun blast, blasting, bombardment, burst, coniectio, coniectus, crash, detonation, emanation, emissio, emmission, explosion, firing, firing a charge, flare, flash, fulguration, fulmination, fusillade, igniting, salvo, spray, volley VIII (dismiss) verb cashier, cast, cast loose, depose, deprive of office, dimittere, disbar, discard, disemploy, displace, drop, eject, exclude, expel, fire, get rid of, give notice, impeach, let go, let loose, missum facere, put on the retired list, release, relieve, remove, remove from office, replace, retire, shut out, strike off the roll, suspend, throw out, turn loose, turn out, unseat associated concepts: discharged for cause, lawfully discharged, reinstatement IX (liberate) verb absolve, acquit, bail out, clear, deliver, emancipate, exculpate, excuse, exonerate, extricate, forgive, free, let go, let loose, let out, let out of prison, loose, pardon, parole, purge, release, relieve, render free, set at liberty, set free, turn loose associated concepts: discharge from imprisonment, discharge from prison X (pay a debt) verb adjust, amortize, clear, hand over, honor, liquidate, make reparation, make restitution, meet, pay in full, pay off, pay up, recompense, redeem, refund, repay, satisfy, satisfy in full, settle, settle accounts, square accounts, strike a balance, take up associated concepts: discharge from obligation XI (perform) verb accomplish, achieve, act on, adjust, administer, attain, bring about, bring to pass, carry into effect, carry into execution, carry out, carry through, complete, comply, concern oneself with, conclude, consummate, culminate, devote oneself to, dispatch, dispose of, do, effect, effectuate, enforce, execute, fulfill, go about, go through with, implement, munus obire, proceed with, produce, realize, render, resolve, succeed, transact associated concepts: properly discharge one's responsibilities XII (release from obligation) verb abolish, abrogate, absolve, annul, cancel, declare null and void, discontinue, dismiss, dissolve, excuse, exempt, exonerate, forgive, invalidate, make void, nullify, quash, recall, relieve, relieve of responsibility, remove, render void, repeal, rescind, retract, reverse, revoke, set aside associated concepts: discharge of a debt foreign phrases:
- Eodem modo quo oritur, eodem modo dissolvitur. — It is discharged in the same manner in which it was created
XIII (shoot) verb blast, burst, deliver a charge, detonate, emit, expel, explode, fire, fire at, fulminate, ignite, launch, mittere, open fire, send forth associated concepts: discharge of a weapon XIV index absolution, absolve, accomplish, acquit, acquittal, action (performance), amnesty, amortization, banishment, bear the expense, clear, collection (payment), commission (act), commit (perpetrate), complete, composition (agreement in bankruptcy), conclude (complete), condonation, conduct, defeasance, defray, depose (remove), disband, disburse (distribute), disclaim, disenthrall, dislodge, dispel, displace (remove), disqualification (rejection), divest, egress, eject (expel), emancipation, emit, excuse, execute (accomplish), exemption, exonerate, exoneration, expel, expenditure, expulsion, extricate, exude, free, freedom, fulfill, immunity, implement, issuance, keep (fulfill), layoff, liberate, liberation, liquidate (determine liability), observe (obey), operate, outburst, outflow, outpour, output, palliate (excuse), pardon (noun), pardon (verb), parole (noun), parole (verb), payoff (payment in full), perform (execute), precipitate (throw down violently), project (impel forward), purge (purify), quit (free of), receipt (proof of receiving), recovery (award), rejection, release (noun), release (verb), relief (release), remission, remit (release from penalty), remit (send payment), removal, remove (dismiss from office), remunerate, respite (reprieve), retire (retreat), satisfaction (discharge of debt), send, settlement, supplant, suspend, transact, vindicate, waiver

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

If a liability is discharged, the person to whom it was owed may be asked to execute a formal release to acknowledge that he has no further claim. Where a security such as a mortgage is released e.g. when the secured debt has been repaid, the security document should be enclosed with a release or discharge executed by the person entitled to the security. The entries at the Companies Registry and Land Registry reflecting the charges need to be cancelled.

Easyform Glossary of Law Terms. — UK law terms.

(1) To perform a duty; to satisfy a debt.
(2) To dismiss or release someone.
(3) To terminate someone’s employment.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

in any obligation, the termination of that obligation without liability on either party. In the Scots law of contract, discharge may be by performance or novation, compensation, confusion, acceptance payment or delegation.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

1) To perform one's legal duties or meet one's obligations.
2) To fire someone from a job.
3) In bankruptcy, an order of the court that wipes out all dischargeble debts.
Category: Bankruptcy, Foreclosure & Debt → Bankruptcy
Category: Employment Law & HR → Employee Rights
Category: Employment Law & HR → Human Resources
In bankruptcy, the bankruptcy court's action, at the end of the case, to wipe out the debts of the person or business that filed for bankruptcy. Once a debt is discharged, the debtor no longer owes it, and the creditor may no longer take action to collect it.
Category: Bankruptcy, Foreclosure & Debt → Bankruptcy
Category: Bankruptcy, Foreclosure & Debt → Debt & Collection Agencies
A court order releasing the personal representative (administrator or /executor) from any further duties connected with the probate of an estate. This typically occurs when the duties have been completed but may happen sooner if the executor or administrator wishes to withdraw or is dismissed.
Category: Wills, Trusts & Estates → Estates, Executors & Probate Court

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

The release of a debtor from liability for certain of its debts on the conclusion of its bankruptcy case. Discharged debts become unenforceable and creditors are prohibited from taking any action to collect such debts. However, a discharge is not an extinguishment of the debt, as discharged debts are payable as provided for under the terms of a plan of reorganization.

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

n. A debtor's release from a debt upon payment in full or upon adjudication of bankruptcy; the release of an inmate from prison; the termination of an employee; the act of releasing jurors from any further obligation, upon the giving of a verdict or the settlement or dismissal of the trial in which they serve.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

To liberate or free; to terminate or extinguish. A discharge is the act or instrument by which a contract or agreement is ended. A mortgage is discharged if it has been carried out to the full extent originally contemplated or terminated prior to total execution.
Discharge also means to release, as from legal confinement in prison or the military service, or from some legal obligation such as jury duty, or the payment of debts by a person who is bankrupt.
The document that indicates that an individual has been legally released from the military service is called a discharge.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

To liberate or free; to terminate or extinguish. A discharge is the act or instrument by which a contract or agreement is ended. A mortgage is discharged if it has been carried out to the full extent originally contemplated or terminated prior to total execution.
Discharge also means to release, as from legal confinement in prison or the military service, or from some legal obligation such as jury duty, or the payment of debts by a person who is bankrupt.
The document that indicates that an individual has been legally released from the military service is called a discharge.
II The name given to the bankruptcy court's formal discharge of a debtor's debts. In probate, the release of the estate's representative from fiduciary responsibility.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   1) to perform one's duties.
   2) to dismiss someone from a job.
   3) to pay one's debts or obligations.
   4) in bankruptcy, to issue an order of the court that all debts (with certain statutory exceptions) are forgiven and need not be paid.
   See also: bankruptcy

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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