gov·ern·ment /'gə-vər-mənt, -vərn-/ n
1: the act or process of governing; specif: authoritative direction or control
2: the office, authority, or function of governing
3: the continuous exercise of authority over and the performance of functions for a political unit: rule
4 a: the organization, machinery, or agency through which a political unit exercises authority and performs functions and which is usu. classified according to the distribution of power within it
b: the complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out
5: the body of persons that constitutes the governing authority of a political unit or organization: as
a: the officials comprising the governing body of a political unit and constituting the organization as an active agency
b cap: the executive branch of the U.S. federal government
c: the prosecution in a criminal case in its capacity as agents of the political unit
the government failed to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt
gov·ern·men·tal adj
gov·ern·men·tal·ly adv

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I (administration) noun administratio, authorization, command, control, decision making, direction, dominion, governance, gubernatio, guidance, jurisdiction, management, power, procuratio, regnancy, regulation, reign, rule, rulership, state management, statecraft, statesmanship, stewardship, superintendence, sway II (political administration) noun administration, agency of the state, authority, body of office holders, congress, delegates, /'/' qui reipublicae praesunt, lawgivers, lawmakers, legislators, ministers, penes quos est reipublica, political community, political leaders, political regime, politicians, politicos, polity, public servants, representatives, ruling power, sovereign, state managers, statemongers, statesmen associated concepts: de facto government, de jure government, democratic government, federal government, governmental agency, governmental body, governmental function, governmental immunity, powers of government, provisional government foreign phrases:
- Prtvileglum non valet contra rempubllcam. — A privilege is of no avail against the state.
III index authorities, bureaucracy, civic, control (supervision), dominion (supreme authority), hierarchy (persons in authority), management (directorate), national, politics, public (affecting people), regime, regulation (management), supervision

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

The body that controls, influences, and regulates the affairs of a nation, state, or community.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

1 The political organization by which a state or nation is ruled.
2 In criminal cases, the prosecution is occasionally referred to as the government

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

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  • government — gov‧ern‧ment [ˈgʌvmənt, ˈgʌvnmənt ǁ ˈgʌvərn ] also Government noun [countable] the group of people responsible for running a country or state and making decisions about taxes, laws, public services etc: • The Government is planning further cuts …   Financial and business terms

  • government — [guv′ərn mənt, guv΄ərmənt] n. [OFr governement: see GOVERN & MENT] 1. a) the exercise of authority over a state, district, organization, institution, etc.; direction; control; rule; management b) the right, function, or power of governing 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Government — Gov ern*ment, n. [F. gouvernement. See {Govern}.] 1. The act of governing; the exercise of authority; the administration of laws; control; direction; regulation; as, civil, church, or family government. [1913 Webster] 2. The mode of governing;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • government — government, governance Note the n in the middle of government (based on the word govern with the noun suffix ment), and that it should be pronounced as well as written. Government is the workaday word for the system by which a state or community… …   Modern English usage

  • Government — athlete tax carry tax competitive compassion declinism democrazy dollarize endism fast food zoning …   New words

  • government — late 14c., act of governing or ruling; 1550s, system by which a thing is governed (especially a state), from O.Fr. governement (Mod.Fr. gouvernement), from governer (see GOVERN (Cf. govern)). Replaced M.E. governance. Meaning governing power in a …   Etymology dictionary

  • government — [n] management, administration authority, bureaucracy, command, control, direction, domination, dominion, empire, execution, executive, governance, guidance, influence, jurisdiction, law, ministry, patronage, political practice, politics, polity …   New thesaurus

  • government — ► NOUN 1) (treated as sing. or pl. ) the governing body of a state. 2) the system by which a state or community is governed. 3) the action or manner of governing a state, organization, or people. DERIVATIVES governmental adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • government — governmental /guv euhrn men tl, euhr men /, adj. governmentally, adv. /guv euhrn meuhnt, euhr meuhnt/, n. 1. the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and… …   Universalium

  • Government — For government in linguistics, see Government (linguistics). Part of the Politics series Basic forms of government …   Wikipedia

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