fact n [Latin factum deed, real happening, something done, from neuter of factus, past participle of facere to do, make]
1: something that has actual existence: a matter of objective reality
2: any of the circumstances of a case that exist or are alleged to exist in reality: a thing whose actual occurrence or existence is to be determined by the evidence presented at trial see also finding of fact at finding, judicial notice; question of fact at question, trier of fact compare law, opinion
adjudicative fact: a fact particularly related to the parties to an esp. administrative proceeding compare legislative fact in this entry
collateral fact: a fact that has no direct relation to or immediate bearing on the case or matter in question compare material fact in this entry
constitutional fact: a fact that relates to the determination of a constitutional issue (as violation of a constitutional right)
— used esp. of administrative findings of fact
evidentiary fact: a fact that is part of the situation from which a case arises and that is established by testimony or other evidence – called also mediate fact, predicate fact; compare ultimate fact in this entry
legislative fact: a fact of general social, economic, or scientific relevance that does not change from case to case compare adjudicative fact in this entry
material fact: a fact that affects decision making: as
a: a fact upon which the outcome of all or part of a lawsuit depends
b: a fact that would influence a reasonable person under the circumstances in making an investment decision (as in purchasing a security or voting for a corporate officer or action)
mediate fact: evidentiary fact in this entry
predicate fact: evidentiary fact in this entry
ul·ti·mate fact /'əl-ti-mət-/: a conclusion of law or esp. mixed fact and law that is necessary to the determination of issues in a case and that is established by evidentiary facts compare evidentiary fact in this entry
in fact: as a factual matter: established by fact rather than as a matter of law

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I noun absolute certainty, absolute reality, actual occurrence, actual reality, actuality, authenticated incident, certainty, documented event, established matter, established phenomenon, event, existent thing, experience, factum, incontrovertible incident, indisputable event, palpable j episode, perceived happening, real episode, real experience, reality, res, substantiated incident, tangible proof, true incident, truth, verifiable happening associated concepts: conceded facts, established fact, facts in issue, facts of a case, facts pleaded, facts presented, facts which constitute a cause of action, question of fact, stipulated facts, uncontroverted facts, undisputed facts foreign phrases:
- Ubi factum nullum, ibi fortia nulla. — Where there is no principal fact, there can be no accessory
- Regula est, furis quidem ignorantiam culque nocere, facti vero ignorantiam non nocere. — The rule is that a person's ignorance of the law may prejudice him, but that his ignorance of fact will not.
- Ex facto fus oritur. — Law arises out of facts
- Ad quaestionem facti non respondent fudices; adquaestionem furis non respondent furatores. — Judges do not answer to a question of fact, jurors do not answer to a question of law.
- Facta sunt potentiora verbis. — Facts are more powerful than words.
II index fait accompli, ground, particular, technicality, truth

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

Something that is true; a thing that has happened or a situation that exists.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

an event, occurrence or state of affairs known to have happened; to be distinguished from opinion or law.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

An actual thing or happening, which must be proved at trial by presentation of evidence and which is evaluated by the finder of fact (a jury in a jury trial, or by the judge if he or she sits without a jury).
Category: Accidents & Injuries
Category: Criminal Law
Category: Representing Yourself in Court
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

n. Something that exists or has happened; an irreducible element of real existence or occurrence.
@ collateral fact
A fact that is not central to the main issue or controversy.
@ evidentiary fact
A fact that tends to prove, or is a necessary prerequisite for the proof of, another fact.
+evidentiary fact A fact that is an indispensable step in determining the truth or falsehood of an assertion.
@ jurisdictional fact
Such a fact as must exist before a court will exercise jurisdiction over a matter; for example, in a diversity case in federal court, that the parties are citizens of different states and that the amount in controversy is above a threshold level.
@ probative fact
=>> evidentiary fact.
@ ultimate fact
An essential fact, arrived at by inference from the evidence and testimony, that causes the final determination or conclusion of law.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

Incident, act, event, or circumstance. A fact is something that has already been done or an action in process. It is an event that has definitely and actually taken place, and is distinguishable from a suspicion, innuendo, or supposition. A fact is a truth as opposed to fiction or mistake.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

Feminist Anti-Censorship Task Force

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   an actual thing or happening, which must be proved at trial by presentation of evidence and which is evaluated by the finder of fact (a jury in a jury trial, or by the judge if he/she sits without a jury).

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • fact — W1S1 [fækt] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(true information)¦ 2 the fact (that) 3 in (actual) fact 4 the fact (of the matter) is 5 the fact remains 6¦(real events/not a story)¦ 7 facts and figures 8 the facts speak for themselves 9 after the fact ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • fact — [ fækt ] noun *** 1. ) count a piece of true information: They have simply attempted to state the facts. fact about: Here children can discover basic scientific facts about the world. fact of: He wrote an article explaining the main facts of the… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • fact — 1. The expression the fact that has long had an important function in enabling clauses to behave like nouns: • Some studies give attention to the fact that non smokers cannot avoid inhaling smoke when breathing smoky air G. Richardson, 1971 • The …   Modern English usage

  • Fact — (f[a^]kt), n. [L. factum, fr. facere to make or do. Cf. {Feat}, {Affair}, {Benefit}, {Defect}, {Fashion}, and { fy}.] 1. A doing, making, or preparing. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] A project for the fact and vending Of a new kind of fucus, paint for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fact — [fakt] n. [L factum, that which is done, deed, fact, neut. pp. of facere, DO1] 1. a deed; act: now esp. in the sense of “a criminal deed” in the phrases after the fact and before the fact [an accessory after the fact] 2. a thing that has actually …   English World dictionary

  • FACT — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • fact — ► NOUN 1) a thing that is indisputably the case. 2) (facts) information used as evidence or as part of a report. ● before (or after) the fact Cf. ↑before the fact ● a fact of life Cf. ↑a …   English terms dictionary

  • Fact — 〈[ fæ̣kt] m. 6; umg.〉 Faktum, Tatsache ● das sind die Facts [engl.] * * * Fact [fækt ], der; s, s <meist Pl.> [engl. fact < lat. factum, ↑ 1Faktum]: Tatsache[nmaterial]. * * * FACT,   Abkürzung für Flanagan Aptitude …   Universal-Lexikon

  • FACT — may refer to:*Federation Against Copyright Theft *Federation of American Consumers and Travelers *FACT ( facilitates chromatin transcription ), a protein factor affecting eukaryotic cells *FACT centre (Foundation for Creative Arts Technology), a… …   Wikipedia

  • Fact — [fækt] der; s, s (meist Plur.) <aus gleichbed. engl. fact, dies aus lat. factum, vgl. ↑Faktum> Tatsache, Tatsachenmaterial …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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