ar·rest 1 /ə-'rest/ n [Middle French arest, from arester to stop, seize, arrest, ultimately from Latin ad to, at + restare to stay]: the restraining and seizure of a person whether or not by physical force by someone acting under authority (as a police officer) in connection with a crime in such a manner that it is reasonable under the circumstances for the person to believe that he or she is not free to leave see also miranda warnings; probable cause at cause 2, warrant compare stop
cit·i·zen's arrest: an arrest made not by a law officer but by any citizen who derives the authority to arrest from the fact of being a citizen
◇ Under common law, a citizen may make an arrest for any felony actually committed, or for a breach of the peace committed in his or her presence.
civil arrest: the arrest and detention of a defendant in a civil suit until he or she posts bail or pays the judgment see also capias ad respondendum
◇ Civil arrest is restricted or prohibited in most states.
custodial arrest: an arrest of a person accompanied by or followed by taking the person into custody
false arrest: an arrest made without legal authority – called also unlawful arrest;
◇ If a person is taken into custody, no matter how briefly, a false arrest is also false imprisonment.
pre·text arrest /'prē-ˌtekst-/: the arrest of a person for a minor crime (as a traffic violation) for the real purpose of getting an opportunity to investigate (as through a search) the person's possible involvement in a more serious crime for which there are no lawful grounds to make an arrest – called also pretextual arrest;
unlawful arrest: false arrest in this entry
under arrest: in the condition of being restrained under legal authority
arrest 2 vt: to place under arrest
ar·rest·er also ar·res·tor n

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I noun apprehension, capture, confinement, custodial detention, imprisonment, incarceration, internment, prehension, restraint, restriction, retention, seizure associated concepts: extradition, rendition II (apprehend) verb arret, capture, cast into prison, catch, commit, commit to an institution, commit to prison, comprehendere, confine, constrain, deprehendere, deprive of liberty, detain, detain by criminal process, entrammel, give in custody, hold, immure, imprison, in custodiam dare, incarcerate, intern, jail, lay under restraint, legally restrain, make captive, make prisoner, place in confinement, put in durance, put in duress, put under restraint, restrain, secure, seize, seize by legal warrant, send to jail, shackle, take by authority, take captive, take charge of, take into custody, take into preventive custody, take into protective custody, take prisoner, throw into prison associated concepts: arrest warrant, false arrest, false imprisonment, illegal arrest, prior arrest, probable cause, resisting arrest, search incident to an arrest, warrant of arrest III (stop) verb avert, block, bring to a standstill, bring to a stop, check, countercheck, curb, curtail, delay, detain, deter, end, enjoin, foil, foreclose, forestall, frustrate, hinder, hold, hold back, impede, inhibit, interfere, interrupt, keep back, obstruct, prevent, quell, repel, restrain, stall, stay, stifle, subdue, suppress, suspend, thwart, withhold associated concepts: arrest of inquest, arrest of judgment IV index abeyance, apprehension (act of arresting), avert, block, bondage, book, capture, cease, cessation (interlude), check (bar), check (restrain), clog, cloture, commit (institutionalize), confine, constrain (imprison), constraint (imprisonment), constrict (inhibit), contain (restrain), control (restrain), curb, custody (incarceration), debar, defer (put off), delay, desist, desuetude, detain (hold in custody), detain (restrain), detention, discontinue (abandon), discontinue (break continuity), durance, forestall, halt (noun), halt (verb), hamper, hinder, hindrance, hold up (delay), impede, incarceration, inhibit, interdict, interfere, interrupt, interruption, keep (restrain), kill (defeat), lock, obstacle, occlude, palliate (abate), prevent, quit (discontinue), restrain, restraint, seize (apprehend), stall, stay (halt), stem (check), stifle, stop, strangle, suppress, suspend, toll (stop)

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

To use legal authority to deprive someone of liberty; in criminal law, to stop someone suspected of a crime and take him or her into custody.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

the seizure or touching of a person's body with a view to his detention. In England, the law is set out in statute and in some detail in the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. In many common law jurisdictions the fact of arrest triggers various legal protections of the person arrested. See arrestment.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

Being detained by the police in a manner that, to any reasonable person, makes it clear he or she is not free to leave. A person can be "under arrest" even though the police have not announced it; nor are handcuffs or physical restraint necessary. Questioning an arrested person about involvement in or knowledge of a crime must be preceded by Miranda warnings.
Category: Criminal Law → Steps in a Criminal Case: Arrest to Sentencing
Category: DUI / DWI
Category: DUI / DWI & Traffic Tickets
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

n. The intentional deprivation, whether actual or constructive, of a person's freedom by legal authorities using forcible restraint, seizure, or otherwise taking the individual into custody, especially in response to a warrant or a suspicion based on probable cause that the person being arrested has committed a crime. The person making the arrest must have the present power to control the person being arrested. Furthermore, the intent to make an arrest must be communicated to the individual who is being detained and that person must understand that the seizure or detention is an intentional arrest.
@ citizen's arrest
An arrest made by a private individual rather than by a law enforcement officer. Such arrests are lawful only if 1) an offense was committed in the presence of the person making the arrest, or 2) the person making the arrest has reasonable cause to believe that the person arrested has committed a felony.
=>> arrest.
@ false arrest
An arrest made by a person who falsely claims to be a law enforcement officer or by a law enforcement officer who has no legal grounds for making an arrest.
n. An arrest made by a person who falsely claims to be a law enforcement officer or by a law enforcement officer who has no legal grounds for making an arrest; restraint of an individual's free movement.
@ malicious arrest
1 An arrest made without probable cause and for an improper purpose.
2 An arrest made with knowledge that the person arrested did not commit the crime he is charged with.
n. An arrest made for a dishonest purpose and lacking probable cause.
@ parol arrest
An arrest ordered by a judge or magistrate while presiding over a court proceeding. Such an arrest is done without a written complaint and is executed immediately, for example, an arrest of a person in a courtroom who has been found in contempt of court.
@ pretextual arrest
A valid arrest made for a minor offense with the intent to hold the person in custody while investigating his involvement in a more serious offense for which there is yet no lawful grounds to arrest the suspect.
@ warrantless arrest
An arrest made in a public place without a warrant that is based on either the probable cause that the person committed a felony or the person committing a misdemeanor in the law enforcement officer's presence.
@ arrest of judgment
n. The court's refusal to render or enforce a judgment after a verdict has been reached because of some apparent defect or error in the proceedings or because the verdict is not supported by the evidence.
@ arrest record

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

A seizure or forcible restraint; an exercise of the power to deprive a person of his or her liberty; the taking or keeping of a person in custody by legal authority, especially, in response to a criminal charge.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

A seizure or forcible restraint; an exercise of the power to deprive a person of his or her liberty; the taking or keeping of a person in custody by legal authority, especially, in response to a criminal charge.
II To take into custody by legal authority.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   1) to take or hold a suspected criminal with legal authority, as by a law enforcement officer. An arrest may be made legally based on a warrant issued by a court after receiving a sworn statement of probable cause to believe there has been a crime committed by this person, for an apparent crime committed in the presence of the arresting officer, or upon probable cause to believe a crime has been committed by that person. Once the arrest has been made, the officer must give the arrestee his/her rights ("Miranda rights") at the first practical moment, and either cite the person to appear in court or bring him/her in to jail. A person arrested must be brought before a judge for arraignment in a short time (e.g. within two business days), and have his/her bail set. A private "security guard" cannot actually arrest someone except by citizen's arrest, but can hold someone briefly until a law officer is summoned. A "citizen's arrest" can be made by any person when a crime has been committed in his/her presence. However, such self-help arrests can lead to lawsuits for "false arrest" if proved to be mistaken, unjustified or involving unnecessary holding.
   2) to delay the enforcement of a judgment by a judge while errors in the record are corrected.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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  • arrest — Arrest. s. m. Jugement d une Cour, d une Justice superieure, par lequel une question de fait ou de droit est arrestée. Arrest du Conseil. arrest du Parlement. arrest interlocutoire. arrest par deffaut. arrest definitif. arrest contradictoire.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • arrest — Arrest, m. C est ores le jugement d une Cour souveraine, Supremae curiae consultum iudicatum. En laquelle signification aucuns veulent dire qu il le faut escrire par simple r, comme venant de {{t=g}}aréston{{/t}} placitum curiae, toutefois les… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • arrest — vb 1 Arrest, check, interrupt mean to stop in mid course. Arrest implies a holding fixed in the midst of movement, development, or progress and usually a prevention of further advance until someone or something effects a release {arrest the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Arrest — Ar*rest , n. [OE. arest, arrest, OF. arest, F. arr[^e]t, fr. arester. See {Arrest}, v. t., {Arr?t}.] 1. The act of stopping, or restraining from further motion, etc.; stoppage; hindrance; restraint; as, an arrest of development. [1913 Webster] As …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arrest — Ar*rest , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Arrested}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Arresting}.] [OE. aresten, OF. arester, F. arr[^e]ter, fr. LL. arrestare; L. ad + restare to remain, stop; re + stare to stand. See {Rest} remainder.] 1. To stop; to check or hinder the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arrest — steht für: Arrest (JVA), eine Disziplinarmaßnahme in einer Justizvollzugsanstalt Arrest (Zivilprozess), eine Maßnahme zur Sicherung der Zwangsvollstreckung Hausarrest, das Gebot, ein Haus oder eine Wohnung nicht zu verlassen Jugendarrest, ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arrest — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arrest C …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arrest — Sm std. (15. Jh.) Entlehnung. Vermutlich über das Niederländische entlehnt aus afrz. arrest Beschlagnahme, Festhalten, (später) Haftbefehl, Verhaftung , das eine postverbale Bildung zu afrz. arrester ist (entsprechend früher im Deutschen bezeugt …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • arrest — [n1] taking into custody accommodation, apprehension, appropriation, bag*, booby trap*, bust, captivity, capture, collar, commitment, confinement, constraint, crimp*, detention, drop*, fall*, gaff*, glom*, grab*, heat*, hook*, imprisonment,… …   New thesaurus

  • arrèst — m. arrêt ; station ; jugement ; terme. Metre un arrèst ais iniquitats. Chin d arrèst : chien d arrêt …   Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu

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