war·rant 1 /'wȯr-ənt, 'wär-/ n [Anglo-French warant garant protector, guarantor, authority, authorization, of Germanic origin]
1: warranty (2)
an implied warrant of fitness
2: a commission or document giving authority to do something: as
a: an order from one person (as an official) to another to pay public funds to a designated person
b: a writ issued esp. by a judicial official (as a magistrate) authorizing an officer (as a sheriff) to perform a specified act required for the administration of justice
a warrant of arrest
by warrant of commitment
administrative warrant: a warrant (as for an administrative search) issued by a judge upon application of an administrative agency
anticipatory search warrant: a search warrant that is issued on the basis of an affidavit showing probable cause that there will be certain evidence at a specific location at a future time – called also anticipatory warrant;
arrest warrant: a warrant issued to a law enforcement officer ordering the officer to arrest and bring the person named in the warrant before the court or a magistrate
◇ A criminal arrest warrant must be issued based upon probable cause. Not all arrests require an arrest warrant.
bench warrant: a warrant issued by a judge for the arrest of a person who is in contempt of court or indicted
death warrant: a warrant issued to a warden or other prison official to carry out a sentence of death
dis·pos·ses·so·ry warrant /ˌdis-pə-'ze-sə-rē-/: a warrant issued to evict someone (as a lessee) from real property
— used esp. in Georgia
distress warrant: a warrant ordering the distress of property and specifying which items of property are to be distrained
extradition warrant: a warrant for the extradition of a fugitive; specif: rendition warrant in this entry
fugitive warrant: an arrest warrant issued in one jurisdiction for someone who is a fugitive from another jurisdiction – called also fugitive from justice warrant;
general warrant: a warrant that is unconstitutional because it fails to state with sufficient particularity the place or person to be searched or things to be seized
no–knock search warrant: a search warrant allowing law enforcement officers to enter premises without prior announcement in order to prevent destruction of evidence (as illegal drugs) or harm to the officers compare exigent circumstances
rendition warrant: a warrant issued by an official (as a governor) in one jurisdiction (as a state) for the extradition of a fugitive in that jurisdiction to another that is requesting the extradition
search warrant: a warrant authorizing law enforcement officers to conduct a search of a place (as a house or vehicle) or person and usu. also to seize evidence – called also search and seizure warrant;
◇ The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution requires that a search warrant for a criminal investigation be issued only upon a showing of probable cause, as established usu. by a sworn affidavit. The search warrant has to specify the premises and persons to be searched as well as what is being searched for. Not all searches require a search warrant. Warrantless searches are permitted when they are of a kind that the courts have found to be reasonable (as by being limited) or when they are prompted by a level of suspicion or belief (as reasonable suspicion or probable cause) that is consistent with the level of intrusion of the search. Some searches have been found to be so intrusive that a court hearing is required before the search is permitted.
3 a: a short-term obligation of a governmental body (as a municipality) issued in anticipation of revenue
b: an instrument issued by a corporation giving to the holder the right to purchase the capital stock of the corporation at a stated price either prior to a stipulated date or at any future time
war·rant·less adj
warrant 2 vt [Anglo-French warentir garantir, from garant protector, guarantor]
1: to guarantee esp. by giving assurances that make one liable or responsible: as
a: to give a warranty (as of title) to
b: to protect or assure by warranty
the warrant ed goods
an assignor is not liable for defaults of the obligor and does not warrant his solvencyRestatement (Second) of Contracts
c: to state as a warranty: guarantee to be as represented
the seller warrant s that the car is without defects
expressly warrant ed “prior endorsements guaranteed” — J. J. White and R. S. Summers
2 a: to authorize by a warrant
a warrant ed search
b: to serve as or give adequate reason or authorization for
warrant ed the awarding of attorney's fees
was not warrant ed by the facts
3: to give proof of the authenticity or truth of
a formally warrant ed statement

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I (authorization) noun auctoritas, authority, brevet, charter, commission, credentials, license, mandatum, permission, permit, potestas, power, sanction, voucher associated concepts: warrant of attorney II (guaranty) noun agreement, assurance, authentication, covenant, pledge, promise, security, surety, warranty III (judicial writ) noun certificate, decree, edict, judicial authorization, judicial order, legal process, mandate of a court, order, process, subpoena, summons associated concepts: arrest warrant, bench warrant, dispossess warrant, fugitive warrant, search warrant, tax warrant, warrant of attachment, warrant of commitment IV index affirm (uphold), allow (authorize), assure (insure), authorize, avouch (guarantee), award, basis, bear (adduce), bind (obligate), bond, bond (secure a debt), brevet, canon, capacity (authority), certificate, certify (attest), charge (empower), citation (charge), claim (maintain), commitment (responsibility), concession (authorization), confirmation, consent (noun), consent (verb), contend (maintain), corroborate, coverage (insurance), delegate, delegation (assignment), direction (order), dispensation (exception), draft, droit, empower, ensure, fiat, grant (concede), guarantee, guaranty, indorsement, injunction, justify, leave (permission), let (permit), license, monition (legal summons), order, permit (noun), permit (verb), pledge (promise the performance of), power, precept, prerogative, privilege, promise (vow), proof, reassure, requirement, right (entitlement), sponsor, subscribe (promise), surety (certainty), undertaking (pledge), uphold, validate, verify (swear), vouch, vow, witness (attest to)

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

A written order issued by some authority directing someone to do a certain act, particularly an order issued by the state directing a law enforcement officer to arrest someone.
(1) To justify; to make necessary.
(2) To guarantee or confirm; to affirm that a title is good; to confirm that something is as it is represented.
See also search warrant

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

Category: Criminal Law
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

An instrument or contract issued by a company entitling the holder to purchase (call) or sell (put) debt or equity securities of the same or another (probably related) company at a fixed price at some future date or dates. In order to be able to enter such a contract, the company must authorise the issue of warrants in its articles of association. Table A does not do so.
+ warrant
A right, but not an obligation, to acquire securities (typically equity securities) from the issuer at a set price (or a price to be calculated in accordance with a set formula) and during a specified period. Warrants are often issued in connection with new debt securities (debt security) or preferred stock as an inducement for potential investors.

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

1 An order in writing from a competent authority instructing that a certain act be carried out.
2 In commercial and property law, a warrant also refers to a guarantee that a property being sold or transferred meets certain specified criteria.
@ arrest warrant
A court order directing that a certain person be taken into custody by the sheriff or other law officer and made to appear before the court to answer a complaint, or for some other reason.
=>> warrant.
@ bench warrant
An arrest warrant issued specifically by a judge for a person who has failed to appear before a court after previously having been summoned to do so, or who has been indicted for an offense or found to be in contempt of court.
=>> warrant.
@ death warrant
A warrant issued by a governor or other person with authority, commanding that a prisoner under sentence of death be put to death at a certain time and in a certain manner.
n. A warrant signed by an appropriate official, such as the governor of a state, directing that a sentence of execution be carried out.
=>> warrant.
@ general warrant
A warrant used by the government to search a described premises and seize any proscribed substances not described in the warrant. This type of warrant has been held unconstitutional by the Supreme Court as violating the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution, except in cases where the seized items are in plain sight.
=>> warrant.
@ stock warrant
A certificate entitling the bearer to buy a certain number of shares of stock at a specified time for a set price.
=>> warrant.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

A written order issued by a judicial officer or other authorized person commanding a law enforcement officer to perform some act incident to the administration of justice.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

A written order issued by a judicial officer or other authorized person commanding a law enforcement officer to perform some act incident to the administration of justice.
II Most commonly, a court order authorizing law enforcement officers to make an arrest or conduct a search. An application seeking a warrant must be accompanied by an affidavit which establishes probable cause by detailing the facts upon which the request is based.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   1) n. an order (writ) of a court which directs a law enforcement officer (usually a sheriff) to arrest and bring a person before the judge, such as a person who is charged with a crime, convicted of a crime but failed to appear for sentencing, owes a fine or is in contempt of court. A "bench warrant" is an order to appear issued by the court when a person does not appear for a hearing, which can be resolved by posting bail or appearing. A "search warrant" is an order permitting a law enforcement officer to search a particular premises and/or person for certain types of evidence, based on a declaration by a law enforcement official, including a district attorney.
   2) v. to claim to a purchaser that merchandise is sound, of good quality or will perform as it should, or that title to real property belongs to the seller.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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