cit·i·zen n [Anglo-French citezein, alteration of Old French citeien, from cité city]
1: a native or naturalized individual who owes allegiance to a government (as of a state or nation) and is entitled to the enjoyment of governmental protection and to the exercise of civil rights see also scott v. sandford in the important cases section amendment xiv to the constitution in the back matter compare resident
◇ Under the Fourteenth Amendment, “all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.” A person born outside of the U.S. to parents who were born or naturalized in the U.S. is also a citizen of the U.S. A corporation is not considered a citizen for purposes of the privileges and immunities clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. A corporation is, however, deemed a citizen of the state in which it is incorporated or has its principal place of business for purposes of diversity jurisdiction.
2: a resident of a town or state who is also a U.S. native or was naturalized in the U.S.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I noun civis, denizen, dweller, habitant, indigen, indigene, indweller, inhabitant, inhabiter, inmate, native, occupant, occupier, residencer, resident, resider associated concepts: adopted citizens, citizen of a state, citizen of the United States of America, citizens of different states, diversity of citizenship, domicile of a citizen, foreign citizen, native-born citizen, natural-born citizen, naturalized citizen, nonresident citizen, privilege and immunities of citizens, renunciation of citizenship foreign phrases:
- Semel civis semper civis. — Once a citizen always a citizen
II index denizen, domiciliary, inhabitant

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

A legally recognized member of a nation or state, who owes allegiance to the government and in return receives the government’s protection.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

A person who, by place of birth, nationality of one or both parents, or having successfully completed any applicable requirements, is granted full rights and responsibilities as a member of a nation or political community. Some countries allow dual citizenship (maintaining citizenship in more than one country).
Category: Immigration

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

1 A person who, due to place of birth, naturalization, or other reasons (for example, citizenship of parents) is a member of a political community or of a civil state, such as a country or state, and is entitled to all the civil rights and protections thereof and owes allegiance to its government.
2 For purpose of federal diversity of citizenship lawsuits, a corporation that is incorporated or has its principal place of business in a state, or an alien granted permanent residence in the United States and residing in a state, is a citizen of that state.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

   person who by place of birth, nationality of one or both parents, or by going through the naturalization process has sworn loyalty to a nation. The United States has traditionally taken the position that an American citizen is subject to losing his/her citizenship if he/she commits acts showing loyalty to another country, including serving in armed forces potentially unfriendly to the United States, or voting in a foreign country. However, if the foreign nation recognizes dual citizenship (Canada, Israel, and Ireland are common examples) the U.S. will overlook this duality of nationalities.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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