bar 1 /'bär/ n often attrib
1 a: the railing in a courtroom that encloses the area around the judge where prisoners are stationed in criminal cases or where the business of the court is transacted in civil cases compare bench 1, dock, jury box, stand
b: court tribunal
the younger judge brought a fresh viewpoint to the bar
2 a: the whole body of lawyers; esp: those qualified to practice in the courts of a particular jurisdiction
admitted to the Arizona bar
the bankruptcy bar compare bench 3b
b: the profession or occupation of lawyer
passed the bar
3: something that prevents admission, progress, or action: as
a: an intangible impediment, obstacle, or barrier
the restrictive covenant raised a racial bar
consent of the victim is a bar to conviction
b: the permanent preclusion of a claim or action esp. due to the loss of a previous suit based on the same cause of action and between the same parties
its earlier successful suit against the purchaser for the price was a bar to the present suitMartino v. McDonald's System, Inc., 598 F.2d 1079 (1979)
a statute of limitations bar to the present action compare collateral estoppel at estoppel 2a, merger 4, res judicata 2
at bar: before the court
in the case at bar
at the bar: in the legal profession
pressures faced by women at the bar — R. E. Hauser
bar 2 vt barred, bar·ring
1: to keep out: exclude
cannot bar the items from sale
2: to prevent from doing or accomplishing (something)
plaintiff's conduct may bar her recovery
the contract bar s his reinstatement
3: preclude: as
a: to act as a bar to (as a claim or action)
liberative prescription bar s actionsLouisiana Civil Code
final judgment barred the subsequent claim
b: to prevent (a party) from bringing a claim or action
plaintiffs are barred by the judgment...from relitigating their claimsRoach v. Teamsters Local Union No. 688, 595 F.2d 446 (1979) see also estop compare merge 2
bar·ra·ble adj

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I (body of lawyers) noun advocates, attorneys, attorneys-at-law, barristers, counsel, counselors, counselors-at-law, jurists, lawyers, the legal fraternity, legal profession, legists, solicitors associated concepts: bar association, member of the bar II (court) noun assize, bench, court of justice, court of law, curia, forum, judicature, judiciary, seat of justice, sessions, tribunal associated concepts: bar of justice III (obstruction) noun balk, ban, barricade, barrier, block, blockage, circumscription, constraint, curb, difficulty, embargo, enjoining, estoppel, exclusion, forbiddance, foreclosure, forestalling, hindrance, hurdle, impediment, impedition, infarction, injunction, interdict, interference, limit, limitation, nonadmission, noninclusion, obstacle, preclusion, prevention, prohibition, proscription, refusal, rejection, restraint, stoppage, stopper, stumbling block, suppression associated concepts: bar by former judgment, estoppel IV (exclude) verb ban, blacklist, circumscribe, debar, deny, disallow, except, exile, forbid, interdict, keep out, leave out, limit, lock out, occlude, omit, ostracize, outlaw, preclude, prevent, prohibit, refuse, reject, relegate, restrict, shut out, spurn, suspend V (hinder) verb avert, barricade, block, blockade, bolt, bridle, choke, choke off, curb, embar, enjoin, erect a barrier, estop, fasten, fence, forbid, foreclose, frustrate, hamper, impede, inhibit, interfere with, obstruct, obviate, occlude, preclude, prevent, prohibit, proscribe, put an embargo on, put one's veto upon, repress, restrain, retard, seal, secure, shut off, stand in the way, stay, stop, thwart, trammel VI index abrogate (rescind), balk, ban, barrier, bench, block, blockade (barrier), censor, censorship, clog, condemn (ban), constrain (restrain), constraint (restriction), court, cudgel, damper (stopper), debar, deport (banish), deter, disable, disapprobation, disqualify, eliminate (exclude), embargo, enjoin, estop, estoppel, exclude, exclusion, forbid, halt, hamper, impasse, impediment, inhibit, interdict, interfere, interruption, judiciary, keep (restrain), key (passport), lock, obstruct, obstruction, obviation, occlude, outlaw, preclude, prevent, prohibit, prohibition, proscribe (prohibit), refuse, relegate, remove (eliminate), resist (oppose), restrain, restraint, restrict, save, seal (close), shut, stall, stay, stay (halt), stifle, stop, thwart, veto

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

(1) The court; a particular place in the courtroom.
(2) A body of attorneys; such bodies are organized at the local, state, or national level.
See also bench
(3) An obstacle; something that prevents an issue from being litigated.
To prevent or forbid.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

Collectively, all lawyers qualified to practice in a given court or jurisdiction.
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

1 n. A legal obstacle or barrier that prevents or destroys a legal action or claim, especially one that prevents the relitigation of an issue or the formation of a valid contract.
2 v. To prevent, prohibit, or act as a bar to.
3 n. In bar. As a bar to an action. For example, if a defendant in a criminal action was acquitted earlier of the same charges that he is now accused, he may plead double jeopardy in bar.
4 adj. At bar. Now before the court. For example, an action that is before the court may be referred to as the case at bar.
5 n. The legal profession in general.
6 n. A group of attorneys admitted to practice law in a particular jurisdiction or before a particular court or who practice in a common field or area of expertise in the law.
7 n. The railing in a courtroom that separates the area used by the judge, lawyers, and court personnel to conduct judicial business from the seating provided for observers.
See also bench.
@ bar association
n. A professional organization of attorneys who practice law within a specific geographic area (for example, a state bar association) or who practice in a common field or area of expertise in the law (for example, a defense attorneys' bar association).
@ integrated bar
A bar association in which membership is legally required of all attorneys who practice law in that state or jurisdiction. Also called compulsory bar, mandatory bar, unified bar.
@ voluntary bar
A bar association that attorneys do not need to join in order to practice law.
@ compulsory bar
@ mandatory bar
@unified bar
@ bar examination
n. A written examination administered by a state or an established licensing authority, such as a state bar association, usually lasting two or more days, that tests the legal knowledge of individuals seeking a license to practice law in a particular state.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

1. Historically, the partition separating the general public from the space occupied by the judges, lawyers, and other participants in a trial. 2. More commonly, the term means the who body of lawyers.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   1) n. collectively all attorneys, as "the bar," which comes from the bar or railing which separates the general spectator area of the courtroom from the area reserved for judges, attorneys, parties and court officials. A party to a case or criminal defendant is "before the bar" when he/she is inside the railing.
   2) v. to prevent some legal maneuver, as in "barring" a lawsuit due to the running out of the time to file.
   3) to prohibit and keep someone from entering a room, building, or real property.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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